Chapter 3 Psyc.docx - Chapter 3 Neuroscience and Behavior 1...

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Chapter 3: Neuroscience and Behavior 1. The speed of an action potential: (depends on the size of the axon and thickness of the myelin sheath). 2.In response to an action potential, the ___ releases neurotransmitters. (Terminal Button) 3.Neurotransmitters are released by a neuron’s __ into the synapse. (Terminal button) 4.The terminal button is where a neuron ___. (releases a neurotransmitter) 5. The reabsorption of neurotransmitters by the terminal button is called (reuptake) which occurs in (terminal button). 6. In order to prevent either constant stimulation or constant inhibition, a neurotransmitter is ___. (reabsorbed by the terminal button or inactivated by an enzyme) 7. During resting potential, the inside of the neuron is ____ charged relative to the outside. (Negative) 8.The inside of an axon is negatively charged relative to the outside when the axon: (is resting). 9.When absorbed by receptor sites, what type of message does a neurotransmitter deliver? (either an excitatory or inhibitory message) 10. ___ messages are chemical messages that make it more likely that a receiving neuron will fire. (Excitatory) 11. Inhibitory neurotransmitters make it __ likely that neighboring neurons will fire. (Less) 12. This neurotransmitter is involved in such diverse behaviors alcoholism, depression, suicide, impulsivity, aggression, &coping with stress. (Serotonin) 13. The neurotransmitter __ is involved in muscle movement and cognitive function, and triggers skeletal muscles to contract. (Acetylcholine) 14. An ___ is a neurotransmitter that is related to pain suppression, pleasurable feelings, appetites, and placebos. (endorphin) 15. The neurotransmitter __ is involved in eating, aggression, and sleeping.
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  • Summer '17
  • Psychology, terminal button, neurotransmitter __

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