Chapter 14 - Heracles

Chapter 14 - Heracles - Chapter 14 - Heracles Heracles-...

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Chapter 14 - Heracles Heracles - greatest of the Greek Heroes o Image and career similar to Gilgamesh o Strong and willful, like adventure, understands loyalty and friendship o Theme: the contrast and hostility between the natural world and the cultural world of humans – present in many of his stories Natural world: use of a primitive club and bow and arrows, bad manners and unruly behavior Civil world: rids of dangerous animals and dangerous men o Became a god, unlike gilgamesh o Mother: Alcmena Father: Zeus Brother: Iphicles THE BIRTH OF HERACLES Alcmena – granddaughter of Perseus (9 brothers), father: Electryon o All but one of her brothers was killed when they were attatcked by pirates Electryon asked Ampitryon to take care of Alcmena o After Amph killed Electryon, he married Alcmena but she would not sleep with him until he avenged the death of her brothers, as her father Electryon had planned to do before Amphityon killed him o Amph set out to attack pirates Zeus also had his eye on Alcmena and disguised himself as Amph and acted like he just got back from war, and he slept with Aclmena Later in the same night the real Amph returns and Alc also sleeps with Therefore Alc received two kinds of seeds: one divine and one mortal From the divine seed Heracles would be born and from the mortal seed Iphicles would be born PSEUDO-HESOID, Shield of Heracles o In jealousy Hera slowed her birth, while she sped up the birth of Eurystheus’ child Alc Called out to goddess of child birth, Eileithyia. She came but as given instruction by hera, she made Almena scrunched up so she couldn’t give birth Galanthis, a clever mid wife, knew what was going on suddenly proclaimed: “hooray!” and Alcmena jumped up from her scrunched position the twins : Heracles and Iphicles were born. Eileithyia turned Galanthis into a weasel. Eurystheus – father : Sthenelus, brother of Electryon Amphitryon – father: Alcaeus, brother of Electryon o Killed Electryon and therefore banished o Married Alcmena but she would not sleep with him until he avenged the death of her brothers, as her father Electryon had planned to do before Amphityon killed him o Set out to attack pirates
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Chapter 14 - Heracles o Slept with Alcmena on the night of his return (same night as Zeus) Child Iphicles Observations: Twins and Divine Birth Didn’t know why twins occurred so Greeks made up their own theories Two fathers, on mortal and one divine, an invisible being present at the moment of conception Twins in greek my tend to be either very close friends or bitter enemies Heracles and Iphicles: close friends Heracles birth story traced back to egypt HERACLES’ YOUTHFUL DEEDS When the twins were born Amphitryon did not know which twin was his son When Hera sent serpents to destroy Heracles, was it realized which son belonged to whom. o
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course CLASSICS 370 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '07 term at Wisconsin.

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Chapter 14 - Heracles - Chapter 14 - Heracles Heracles-...

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