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Exam 2 Review - WS 103 EXAM 2 REVIEW SHEET FALL 2007 A note...

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WS 103: EXAM 2 REVIEW SHEET FALL 2007 A note on the readings in WH, BO, and the course reader: As with the first exam, I will not be testing you on nuanced or very specific details in the articles, but you should understand the key points of each of the assigned readings. This exam may have more reading specific questions than the last exam, as I’ve drawn on specific concepts in the readings more frequently in lecture than I did earlier in the semester. Conception—sperm meeting egg Pregnancy—after implantation about 6 days later Hcg released Prolacton—produced by anterior pituitary Menstrual Cycle, Endocrine System, & Related Concepts Hormones—what they are, how they work, what they do (generally) Hypothalamus—gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) Pituitary gland o Posterior (back)— Oxytocin o Anterior (front)— Gonadotropins Prolactin Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) Luteinizing hormone (LH) Adrenal glands—Sex steroids (androgens, estrogens, & progesterone) Ovaries (and Testes) o Sex steroids o Relaxin Placenta—human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) 8 main characters o 3 “bosses” (glands) o 5 “workers” (hormones) Story timeline o Ovarian cycle Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase o Endometrial cycle Menstrual phase Proliferatory phase Progestational phase Be able to tell the story! Positive & negative feedback Life and death of corpus luteum o Know the average length o Understand the relationship to the fixed length of luteal phase o Know the roles of HCG and what happens when there is a pregnancy
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Physiologic effects of sex steroids (know what each group of hormones does) o Estrogens (Estradiol, Estrone, Estriol) o Progestins (Progesterone) o Androgens (Testosterone) Other Menstruation Terms & Concepts o Menarche o Amenorrhea o Prostaglandins o Dysmenorrhea o Endometriosis o Dioxins o TSS o PMS & PMDD—know the definitions and points about the marketing of products discussed in readings and lecture Sexually Transmitted Infections Everything is treatable but don’t have cures for everything What is healthy what is not, long list of not normal Most common symptom—NOT SYMPTON Check annually and everytime change partners Immune System o Antigen o Antibodies o Seroconversion o White Blood Cells: B-cells & T-cells o Vaccines—how they work Curable, Incurable, & Treatable o Bacteria & parasites o Viruses Need to prevent in the first place Can’t get rid of cause would need to kill own bodies’ cells Vaccines use dead form of virus
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