Emile Durkheim section.docx - Emile Durkheim section...

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Emile Durkheim section Focuses on harmony & how people get along, social bonds & belonging = social solidarity November 15 TH 2017 How social life works: making sense of collective and group being 1. Biography 2. Science and morality 3. Social solidarity a. Conscience collective b. Mechanical solidarity c. Organic solidarity d. Individuation 4. Cause of the growth of the division of labour 5. The abnormal forms of the d.o.l a. Anomic d.o.l b. Forced d.o.l 1. Biography - positivist - Looks at how change forms new social bonds, and belonging (versus Marx’s who says conflict is the basic drive of life) how we have solidarity - Thought of as a functionalist theorist - Many biological metaphors – thinks of society as a body/organism - Emile David Durkheim o Born in 1858 in Epinal, France. youngest of 4 children in a Jewish background o Mother owned embroidery shop, father was a rabbi, rules and authority are very important - Leaves to study teaching in 1879 and studied at what was “ecole normale superior” in Paris - He left his village and family life as well as his religion of Judaism when going to Paris (god Is a social construct – argues that religion has a cohesive function in terms of producing morals, rules, limitations, obligations that allow people to live in groups and survive) yet argues we need to keep the functions of religion alive in a secular form - 1882 – becomes a philosophy teacher. Doctoral research was between personality and social solidarity - 1886 victor home commit suicide (his friend) and wrote the piece called “suicide” which may have been ignited by this occurance o individual in relation to their social group is the cause - marries louise drasis & is hired to teach at the university of Bordeaux until 1902 - 1902 he is given a chair at the Sorbonne in Paris where he lectures on sociology and pedagogy & is in charge of forming future teachers - known for founding the journal l’annee sociologique 1898
- key works o division of labour 1893 o the rules of the sociological method 1895 o suicide 1897 o the elementary forms of the religious life 1899 o moral education (based on lectures he gave to teachers in training) 1925 o professional ethics and civic morals 1950 - Durkheim lost his child, never got over sons death passes away at the age of 59 in 1917 2. Science of morality - How can we scientifically learn about the basis of social life, what can we observe? - Primary focus are moral facts (norms, rule conventions, convictions that characterize a given social group and allow it to function) - Morals do not come from a transcendental force – no divine origin, or from individuals - Morals come from the reality of social life, they are rules that grow out of social life (not god, not people but social life itself) o Society becomes a protagonist – an agent in reality – it Is a social force - Norms come from the reality of social life and pre-exist out individual existence & they stay once we die.

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