study guide #2.docx - Chapter 6 1 Most developmentalists...

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Chapter 6 1. Most developmentalists agree that there are universal basic emotions . Be able to name these emotions. -joy, fear, anger, surprise, sadness, and disgust 2. Know the following theories: Theory of Gradual Differentiation, Differential Emotions Theory, and Emotions as Ontogenetic Adaptations. -Theory Of Gradual Differentiation: newborns experience emotional states like contentment and distress which are gradually different from basic emotions. -Differential Emotions Theory: Infants have the same facial reactions to adults as soon as birth and after. -Emotions as Ontogenetic Adaptions: Depending on the baby’s development and wellbeing by the care and protection they got, a baby’s emotions and expressions are evolved. 3. Know the difference between endogenous and exogenous smiles. Endogenous smile is when the corner of the baby’s mouth curls up that looks like a smile when baby is asleep and this id due to physiological fluctuations instead of external stimulation. 4.According to Freud, why does attachment occur? What evidence has been found that contradicts what Freud thought? 5.What paradigm did Mary Ainsworth use to study attachment? Why are Japanese children often rated as anxious/resistant? Why are German children often rated as anxious/avoidant? 6. Know the difference between primary and secondary intersubjectivity. Primary intersubjectivity this face to face interactions Between the mother and the baby Which is around the 3 months of age. Secondary intersubjectivity Is between Must 9 and 12 And their communication And emotion Is More focused An interaction beyond the world.
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