Assignment 1.docx - Assignment 1 Personality Dimensions...

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Assignment 1 - Personality Dimensions HRMT 300-003 Part 1: Personality dimensions a) Short description of Personality Dimension a. Machiavellianism: it is a psychological term that defines personality trait which sketches a person as so posed with their own interest that they may exploit others to achieve their goals. This personality test is designed to reveal selfish or manipulative tendencies of an individual. b. Self-monitoring: It is a personality test developed by Mark Snyder during 1970’s. It was developed to show how much people monitor their “self-presentation”, “expressive behavior” and “non-verbal displays”. Low self-monitors are usually spontaneous whereas high self-monitors purposely adjust their behavior. c. Risk taking: It is a characteristic of an individual that states his or her willingness of taking risks in life which is connected to the reward they receive in return of taking risk. This characteristics is d. Type A vs Type B: This personality theory was developed by two cardiologists who described two contrasting personalities a Type A and Type B. Type A is illustrated as competitive, impatient, highly organized, ambitious and aggressive personality. On the other hand Types B is described as more relaxed, less neurotic, frantic and explainable personality. e. EI (Emotional Intelligence): Emotional Intelligence is basically ability to know, understand and cope up with our own emotions and influence others’ emotions as they impact individuals’ behavior either negatively or positively. This term was initially created by Peter Salavoy and John Mayer which was later popularized in 1996 by Dan Goleman. There are basically some skills that are expected to be included in this personality trait. This includes emotional awareness which means using emotions to think and complete problem-solving tasks. This also includes the skill of managing our own emotion in such a way that it cheers up and calms down other people in the surrounding. f. Locus of Control: This personality trait basically refers to an individual’s personal belief of crediting cause of his or her experience that leads to success or failure. This is alienated into two categories which are internal locus of control and external locus of control. Person with internal control believes more in himself as they attributes success or failure to his or her own efforts and abilities whereas person with external control believes less in himself and instead make fortunate responsible for their success or failure instead of their efforts and abilities. People with internal locus of control make efforts need to learn and are self-motivated as their actions may lead to either success or failure. On the other hand, people with external locus of control are usually demotivated and hardly make efforts to learn as they attribute their success or failure to external factors

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