Running head: CASE SCENARIO 1 Case Scenario Student Name University Instructor Date
CASE SCENARIO 2 Case Scenario R.R. is a 58-year-old male who reports increasing shortness of breath, chills, malaise and productive cough with yellowish-green sputum for the past 3 days. His past medical history is significant for hypertension and lower back pain. On examination, rales are auscultated throughout the lung fields. His blood pressure is 138/88, a pulse is 96 and regular, respirations are 32 and temperature is 38 degrees C. Diagnosis: Pneumonia 1- Briefly report on each of the following items for the diagnosis given in each case: -Etiology of the diagnosis Pneumonia is a common illness affecting approximately 1 out of 100 people every year. It is caused by a number of microorganisms ranging from viral to bacterial. It varies in seriousness with mild symptoms in some patients and life-threatening in others (Self et al., 2016). -Pathophysiology of the diagnosis Pneumonia is made up of different categories such as community-acquired and hospital-acquired pneumonia. Community-acquired pneumonia is commonly caused by Mycoplasma pneumonia and Pneumococcal pneumonia . In some individuals, especially the elderly and those who are incapacitated, pneumonia may present as a result of influenza (Self et al., 2016). On the other hand, hospital-acquired pneumonia is usually more serious since the body’s defense mechanisms against the microorganisms are usually impaired. Examples of pneumonia-related disorders are pneumonia in the immunocompromised host , aspiration pneumonia , and viral pneumonia .
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- Fall '12
- community-acquired pneumonia