i3261e09.pdf - Topic 3 How to eat well for good health LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of the lesson you will be able to P discuss some of the reasons

i3261e09.pdf - Topic 3 How to eat well for good health...

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EATING WELL FOR GOOD HEALTH Topic 3 How to eat well for good health 187 Lesson 7 Making good food choices and healthy meals LESSON OVERVIEW This lesson is about the careful food choices we need to make to have a healthy, balanced diet. It explores the different reasons we eat what we eat, such as our eating habits, traditions, cost, taste and many others. It highlights the importance of selecting foods according to their nutritional value and our body’s needs. The lesson explains how a healthy diet should be balanced and composed of a variety of foods that supply all the nutrients we need. Some examples of dietary guidelines from around the world are provided and learners are encouraged to develop their personal guidelines based on their health and dietary needs. LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of the lesson, you will be able to: P discuss some of the reasons why people eat what they eat; P understand the reasons behind your own personal food choices; P select nutritious foods and plan a healthful diet.
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Lesson 7 Making good food choices and healthy meals Topic 3 How to eat well for good health 188 EATING WELL FOR GOOD HEALTH TO THINK ABOUT WHILE READING Are you choosing the right foods to eat? Are you getting what you need from your food? Do you keep in mind your body’s needs when you decide what to eat? Are there any dietary guidelines in your country that can help you understand which foods to eat more often or less often? Part 1 Eating habits and healthy diets READING We need to eat to meet our nutritional needs, but people often make their food choices for reasons other than nutrition. The availability of foods and their cost; the taste and appearance of foods; personal food likes and dislikes; convenience; religious and cultural practices and traditions; health and medical conditions; and knowledge about foods and the body’s nutritional requirements, all are reasons why people eat the foods that they eat. Eating habits and traditions are different for every culture. Some cultures eat their main meal in the morning before the work day; for others the main meal is in the middle of the day. Still other cultures eat their main meal at the end of the day. Some societies eat twice a day; others eat three times a day. In some cultures, families eat together, in others adults eat separately from children, or men eat separately from women. Many cultures and societies have rules or beliefs about specific foods that are not to be eaten (“food taboos”). Some of these apply to the entire population and some apply only to people in certain conditions, such as during pregnancy, breastfeeding, infancy or illness. While many of these practices may contribute to good health, some of them may actually be harmful, as they deprive people of needed nutrients. When foods of important nutritional value are avoided or forbidden for cultural reasons or beliefs, these foods need to be replaced by other, more culturally acceptable foods of similar nutrient content.
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