MUSC 171 Social History of Popular Music Terminology.pdf - MUSC 171 Social History of Popular Music Terminology 4-to-the-floor regular bass drum pattern

MUSC 171 Social History of Popular Music Terminology.pdf -...

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Unformatted text preview: MUSC 171 Social History of Popular Music Terminology - 4-to-the-floor – regular bass drum pattern played on each beat of a 4/4 bar (mainly associated with dance music) 
 - 12 Bar Blues – African-American music from using three chords (primary chords I, IV,V or 1,4 and 5) 
 - A Cappella- vocals without accompaniment (no instruments) 
 - Alto – The lowest female singing voice and highest singing voice 
 - Baritone – A low male singing voice 
 - Bass – The lowest: male singing voice; part of the music; instrument. 
 - Basso ostinato – repeated bass pattern 
 - Blue notes – Notes sung or played below their intended pitch (most rd th commonly the 3 , 7 and 5th of the scale). Creating a “blues” sound. 
 - Blues – African-American music form for solo voice, derived from spirituals rd th and work songs. The basis of Jazz. Characterized by the minor 3 or 7 of the scale; the form is 12 bars long with a specific chord progression. 
 - Brass – Wind instruments made out of metal with either a cup or funnel shaped mouth piece (trumpet, cornet, bugle, trombone etc.). 
 - Call and Response – A vocal form in which a singer makes a melodic question/statement and an ensemble responds. 
 - Chords – 3 or 4 notes sounded simultaneously. 
 - Chorus – The refrain of a song. 
 - Chromatic – Moving by half steps, notes that do not belong to a scale 
 - Duration – The length of a note or rest. 
 - Dynamics – The degrees of loudness and soft. 
 - Ensemble – A group of instrumentalists or singers. 
 - Falsetto- High artificial voice (mainly associated with male) 
 - Forte – Loud 
 - Genre – A category or type used to analyse popular music texts 
 - Harmony – When pitches are in agreement (consonance) 
 - Hook – A repetitive phrase, usually in the chorus of the song, that catches the listener’s attention 
 - Improvisation – Spontaneous composition 
 - Introduction – The preparatory section, movement, or phrase of a piece. 
 - Interpolation – Borrowing or sampling and altering a musical text and mixing it to another piece of music. 
 - MC – Master of Ceremonies 
 - Melodic/Melody – An organized sequence of single notes 
 - Metre – A framework for rhythm determined by the number of beats, the time value of those beats, and the accents thereof. 
 - Ostinato/ostinati – A repeated musical figure, rhythmic pattern or motive (also known as riffs) 
 - Pan – spreading a signal in the stereo field by feeding different levels of sound to the left and right speakers 
 - Percussion – Instruments made of sonorous material that produces sounds of definite or indefinite pitch when shaken or struck, including drums, bells, gongs, xylophones etc. 
 - Pitch – The highness or lowness of a note, as determined by its frequency. 
 - Phrase – A musical idea or section of a melodic line. 
 - Primary Chords – I, IV or V chords of the key. 
 - Rhythm – The pattern of long and short note values in music 
 - Riff – A repeated melodic pattern 
 - Repeat – The restatement of a passage 
 - Sample – A small portion of an existing recording that is mixed into a new recording 
 - Scale – A progression of notes in a specific order 
 - Scat – A form of improvisational jazz singing using nonsense syllables 
 - Session singers – hired singers for studio recording sessions (usually used as backing singers) 
 - Sheet music – Printed music 
 - Sign –a symbol or word used to represent something in music, music 
video - Signification – The meaning of the sign 
 - Signify – Be the sign of 
 - Solo – To perform alone 
 - Soprano - The highest female voice 
 - Sprechstimme – “speech-voice”. Half spoken, half sung. 
 - Stanza – A section of a song, two or more lines long, characterized by a common metre, rhyme, and number of lines 
 - Strophic- Using the same melody/music in each section 
 - Structure/form – The shape and order of music. 
 - Syncopation – The placement of rhythmic accents on weak beats or weak portions of beats 
 - Tempo – The pace/speed of a piece of music 
 - Tenor - A high male voice between alto and baritone 
 - Texture – The number of parts (or voices) in a piece and their relation to one another –the thickness/thinness of the piece 
 - Timbre – the tone, colour and quality of the piece - Woodwind – Instruments in which sound is produced by the vibration of air (recorders, flutes, clarinets, saxophones etc.). ...
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