Hailey College of Banking & Finance - 23 Hailey College of Banking Finance Punjab University Pesticides and Our Foods Submitted to Sir Humayun

Hailey College of Banking & Finance - 23 Hailey...

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23 Hailey College of Banking & Finance Punjab University Pesticides and Our Foods Submitted to: Sir Humayun Adil Submitted by: (Mi17BBA042) Kamran Younas (Mi17BBA009) Binyamin (Mi17BBA064) Abdullah Shahid (Mi17BBA052) Umar Niaz (Mi17BBA010) Areeb Shahzad (Mi17BBA018) Hafiz Faizan Ali , (Mi17BBA062) Nadeem Taj
23 Table of Contents Summary……………………………………………………3 Introduction……………………………………………….5 Types of Pesticides ........................................ 7 History ……………………………………...9 Historical Overview of Pesticides Usages in Pakistan ……………………………………11 Magnitude of Pesticide Consumption In Pakistan………………………………………..………14 List of Banned Pesticides In Pakistan………...16 Usages of Pesticides in Developing & Other Countries …………………………………….….17 Health Effect………………………………………………18 Environmental Effect………………………………….20 Conclusion………………………………………………….22 Biblography………………………………………………..23
23 Summary: Pesticides have a long history of use against insect and other pests. In the beginning these were either inorganic chemicals or compounds extracted from plant and animal sources. However, around World War II, the production of synthetic organic pesticides increased tremendously. Initially, the more persistent class of organochlorine pesticides was favoured, but it did not take long to realize the side effects of pesticides including losses of wildlife, beneficial insects, residues in crops and food chain, health hazard to human and animals, etc. Moreover, many of the pests for whom these were designed to kill, developed resistant and pest resurgence became a common phenomenon. All along this time, the pesticide manufacture and consumption showed an exponential increase. The business of pesticide companies flourished through the introduction of other classes of pesticides and targeting different pests. The pesticide import in Pakistan started in 1954 through the Government of Pakistan. In a policy change, the pesticide business was handed over to the private sector in 1980. Since then, the pesticide consumption has been on the rise. The pesticide consumption figures for 1992 stand at 5519 metric tonne active ingredient. Insecticides comprise 85% of the total pesticides and cotton crop is the major recipient of these chemicals. The pesticide production, import, registration and use are controlled by the Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance 1971 through the Agricultural Pesticide Rules, 1973. Department of Plant Protection, Government of Pakistan, is responsible for the registration of pesticides. At present the implementation of legislation is weak. There are 4 federal and 4 provincial laboratories which conduct pesticide residue research. Amongst the agricultural workers, the spraymen and female cotton pickers are at greater risks. Due to lack of awareness the pesticides

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