article 1 (1).pdf - 2015 ISSN 2322-4770 Science-Line Publication Journal of Educational and Management Studies J Educ Manage Stud

article 1 (1).pdf - 2015 ISSN 2322-4770 Science-Line...

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To cite this paper: Badrkhani M. 2015. The Effectiveness of Group Counselling in Increasing the Degree of Students' Adjustment based on Glasser's Choice Theory. J. Educ. Manage. Stud., 5(1): 34-40. 34 The Effectiveness of Group Counselling in Increasing the Degree of Students' Adjustment based on Glasser's Choice Theory Mohammad Badrkhani MA graduated of Consulting, College of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran *Corresponding author's Email: [email protected] ABSTRACT: The main purpose of the present research was investigating the effectiveness of group counseling in students' adjustment based on Glasser's choice theory. This research was of quasi-experimental type and it was conducted in pre-test and post-test design with the control group. The sample consisted of 24 students from Pandi Martyr School in district 6 of Tehran that were randomly selected and among them 12 students were assigned to the experimental group and the other 12 students went to the control group. Adjustment Inventory of high School Students was used for data collection that was completed by the subjects in both pre-test and post-test. The inventory's reliability was obtained 95% by the Alpha Cronbach’s. In addition, their face and content validities were confirmed by the psychometric and topical experts. Experimental group (12 sessions, per week one session in 2 hours) was treated Glasser's group reality therapy but control group received no treatments. The obtained data were analyzed by using independent t. data analysis showed that using group counselling based on the Glasser's choice theory improved general adjustment, social performance, and emotional performance (p<0.01) but in educational performance, significant difference between the experimental group and the control group was not found. Results showed that using Glasser's choice theory (reality therapy) is effective in increasing the adjustment. Key words: Group Counseling, Glasser's Choice Theory, Emotional Adjustment, Social Adjustment. ORIGINAL ARTICLE PII: S232247701500007-5 Received 26 Dec. 2014 Accepted 07 Mar. 2015 INTRODUCTION Adolescence is a sensitive period in the life of each individual, it can be interpreted as the critical period. This time is accompanied by intense emotion, a feeling of uncertainty, conflict and aggression. At this period society expects the adolescent to be independent and change their relationships with adults and find adjustment and job preparation (Dastbaz et al., 2014) While adolescents are often morose, pessimistic, short-tempered, and aggressive. In fact, this period can be described as the conflicts one because adolescents try for intimacy yet they are afraid of it and they often avoid it. They rebel against controlling while they are in need of guidance and organization, they are usually shy and very egocentric and preoccupied with their world. In such circumstances, adolescents strongly feel instability and disorientation that is very stressful and anxiety provoking for them (Corey, 2010).
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  • Fall '18
  • F. Adams
  • Psychotherapy, Solution focused brief therapy, William Glasser, Glasser

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