Chapter 6_ Learning.docx - Shaping behavior modification...

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Shaping: “behavior modification” linking and rewarding approximate behaviors, successively, in order to receive a greater behavior Used: when we want to see complex behavior Modifying behavior in people: steps leading up to baby walking Ex: service dogs, circus animals Reinforcement schedule: Fixed ratio Variable ratio fixed interval variable interval Every ____ # of times, will get reinforcer Ex. For every 10 meals you buy at restaurant, you will get a free meal. -high steady responding until you reach reinforcement Every____ # of times, with get an AVERAGE “Number of ratio” Ex. for every 10, 5, 14, times you eat at restaurant you will get reinforcer Fishing: average, you won't catch a fish every time you fish Slot machines Reinforces a response after a specified time interval has gone by “How much time” Ex. getting paid every two weeks Reinforces response after varying or average time intervals Ex. pop quiz Primary reinforcer secondary reinforcer Natural reinforcement body needs for survival -food -water -sleep
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  • Spring '12
  • BORIDERI
  • Psychology, reinforcement schedule, Natural reinforcement body

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