Existentialism Is a Humanism (L'Existentialisme est un humanisme) JEAN-PAUL SARTRE i11~1udin~A Commentary on The St?-anger (Explication de L ' E w ~ F z ~ ~ . ~ ~ ) 'Itanslated by CAROL hlACOMBER Lnaoducuon by ANNlE COHEN-SOLAL Notes and Preface $ARI.EI"TF ELKhTM-SAR'llRE Edlted by JOHN KULW Y A L E U N I T ' F R S I T Y P R E S S / N E W I I A V E N & L O N D O N
English-language translation rapFight D 2007 hp Yale University Introtluction copyright O 2007 hy h111ie Cohen-Solal. L'Ezu-trntralirnze ert irn humaizrriire D ~ditions Crallimard, Parrs, 1'196. "Explication de [email protected]'angm" O ~dimons Gallrmard, Paris, 1947, in Sitriatrow, vol. 1. A1 riglit5 reserved. This hook ]nay not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including ~llustrations, In any form (beyond that copying per~nitted bp Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S. Copyfight 1,aw and except by reviewers for the pulilic press), without wniten permission from the publishers. Designerl by Mary Valencia. Set in Janson type by I<eystone Typesetting, Iilc Plrl~ted in the United States ofkntnca. L~brnry ofCongr-ess Catirlqging-m-Publrcatim Dntn Sartre, Jem-Paul, 1905-19RO. [Existential~snie est un l~umanisme. Engl~sh] Existentialism is a humanism ; includmg, A commentary on the stranger l Jeao-Paul Sartre ; translated by Cald Macomber ; introduction by Annie Cohen-Solal ; notes and preface by Arlette ElLiitu-Sartrr. p. Cm. lndudes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-300-11546-8 (alk. paper) I. Exisrential~sm. 2. Camus, hlbzrt, 1 91 31960. Etranger. 1. Macomber, Ca~rd. 11. Elkim-Sarue,Arlette. 111. Sartre,Jean-Paul, 1905-1980. Explication de L!Btr-anger. E~iglish. I\.! Tide. R819.S32 2007 142'.78-dc22 2007002684 A ca~alogus record for this bookis avarlalle froin ths Bnt~sh Library The paper m this book ~lleets the guidelines for pemlanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longer~lty of the Council on Library Resources. Contents Prefu~e to the 1996 French Edition by Arlette Elkutm-Sa~t~-e v11 Introduction by Amlie Cohen-Solal 3 Exlstent~alism Is a EIumanistn 17 h Commentary on The Strenge? 73 Noter 95, About theAuthor 103 Index 105
Preface to the 1996 French Edition ARLEITE ELKAh1-SARTRE "Existentialism Is a Humanism" is a stenographer's uan- script, originally written in shorthand and scarcely altered by Sartre, of a lecture he gave in Paris on Monday, October 29, 1945. He was invited to speak by the Club Maintenant, which was founded during the Liberation by Jacques Caltny and Marc Beigbeder to promote "literary and intellectual discussion." The text of the lecture was published the follour- ing year by ~ditions NageI. Why was the author of Beirzgnnd Nothingness (1943) so determined to convince people of the humanistic nature of his doctrine? It should be remembered that the publication of the first two volumes of The Roads to F.rredo?z earlier the same year had been marred by scandal. R e need not delve into all the reasons why these two novels, The Age ofReason and The Reprieve, so shocked the conformists of the day.