Dark Energy or Dark Matter.doc - Dark Matter or Dark Energy T E Bearden Abstract It is proposed that a nondiverged unaccounted huge Heaviside energy

Dark Energy or Dark Matter.doc - Dark Matter or Dark Energy...

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Dark Matter or Dark Energy? T. E. BeardenAbstract:It is proposed that a nondiverged, unaccounted, huge Heaviside energy flow component associated with every EM interaction is responsible for the vexing "missing gravity" known as the "dark matter" problem in astrophysics. The background and source of this dark energy is presented, and some estimate of its relative magnitude is given in a simple case. The presence of this substantial but ignored dark energy associated with observed and accounted masses and charges of distant astrophysical objects may be sufficient to provide the additional observed gravity without further hypothetical dark matter.Introduction:Recently George Musser {1} has very appropriately summarized the present situation in the search for missing unseen or "dark" matter, thought to be necessary to explain the missing gravity in distant energetic astrophysical entities. Presently all the various theories that would account for this missing dark matter are stumbling.Perhaps the missing gravity may be accounted for by a vast amount of unaccounted EM energy, already present in every EM field and potential interaction and long ignored. Poynting {2} missed this dark energyentirely. Heaviside {3} realized it and accounted for it, and Lorentz {4} arbitrarily discarded it in the theory of electrical circuits because no one could explain its source. Since then, the dark energy has remained hidden and in scientific limbo for a century, until recently pointed out by the present author {5} as well as its source.The Discovery of Energy Flow Through SpaceAfter Maxwell was already dead, Heaviside {6} and Poynting {Error: Reference source notfound} independently discovered EM energy flow theory. Poynting conceived only that small componentof the energy flow which enters the conductors. On the other hand, Heaviside recognized that all space around the circuit's conductors was filled with EM energy flow — e.g., a good illustration is given by Kraus {7}. A small "boundary layer sheath" component of this energy flowing outside the circuit moves right along the surface of the wires, where it strikes the surface charges and is diverged into the circuit. This small Poyntingenergy flow componententers the circuit and provides the energy subsequently dissipated in the circuit's loads and losses.However, the "sheath layer" Poynting component is only a tiny fraction of the truly enormous energy flow {Error: Reference source not found} pouring out of the generator or batteryterminals and flowing through surrounding space, with most of it missing the circuit entirely. The conventional manner of accounting conservation of energy thus fails miserably for every EM circuit, ifthe available nondiverged Heaviside flow component is accounted. We accent that it is the assumed "accounting method" which fails, not the law of conservation of energy!Poynting {Error: Reference source not found} published prestigiously from the outset, while Heaviside {Error: Reference source not found} published more obscurely at first, though
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  • Spring '14
  • DanielKevles
  • Energy, Oliver Heaviside, H. A. Lorentz

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