A Novel View of Spacetime Permitting Faster-Than-Light Travel Gregory V. Meholic Hermosa Beach, California, 90254 (310) 336-2919, [email protected] Abstract. Recent discoveries across many disciplines of physics have supported a driving need for a “new” science to explain the apparent relationship between phenomenon at cosmological scales and those at the quantum, subatomic level while still supporting the classical mechanics of motion, electromagnetism and relativity. A novel view of both the spacetime continuum and the universe is postulated that not only connects these fields of interest, but proposes a method to travel at superluminal speeds by examining the underlying equations of special relativity. The governing mathematics of special relativity describe a symmetrical continuum that supports not just one, but three, independent spacetimes each with a unique set of physical laws founded on the speed of light, c . These spacetimes are the subluminal (where v/c < 1), the luminal (where v/c = 1), and the superluminal (where v/c > 1) comprising a ‘tri-space’ universe. Relativistic symmetry illustrates that there can be up to three velocities (one for each spacetime) for a given absolute energy state. The similar characteristics of mass and energy in each spacetime may permit faster-than-light (FTL) travel through a quantum transformation/exchange of energy and mass (at the quark level or beyond) between the subluminal and superluminal realms. Based on the suggested characteristics of superluminal spacetime, the ‘trans- space’ method of FTL travel would allow a particle to traverse sublight space by traveling through the superlight continuum without incurring the penalties of special relativity or causal relations. In addition, the spacetime construct and superluminal realm of the ‘tri-space’ universe may offer a different perspective than the current ideologies that could better represent physical phenomena including universal expansion, the zero-point field, dark matter, and the source of inertia. INTRODUCTION There are three categories which classify all observed particle motions: slower-than-light (subluminal), light speed (luminal), and faster-than-light (superluminal). Subluminal particles, called tardyons, consist of everything made from the most elementary states of matter and can be quantified through analytical tools such as Newtonian physics and classical mechanics. Faster particles such as photons (luxons) and the propagation of electromagnetic (EM) waves are unique in that they can not be made to go slower or faster when in a vacuum. This characteristic defines the speed of light, c , and has been declared an absolute velocity limit for photons and non-photons alike. Particles that travel faster than light, called tachyons, are also unique in that such entities have yet to be discovered in nature. Despite their apparent absence, the tools developed to evaluate particles at superluminal speeds are derivatives of those used to describe tardyons and luxons. In this way, superluminal motion has been defined with
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