health promotion and maintence 2.docx

health promotion and maintence 2.docx - Infancy RN Lesson 3...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 55 pages.

Infancy RN Lesson 3 Health Promotion & Maintenance Infancy (1 month to 12 months) o Growth period of very rapid growth doubles birth weight at six months, triples at one year by 1 year birth length has increased by almost 50% (occurs mainly in trunk) by 1 year head circumference has increased by almost 33% posterior fontanel closes 6 to 8 weeks of age anterior fontanel closes 12 to 18 months of age tooth eruption begins at 5 to 6 months has 6 to 8 teeth by 1 year of age o Motor development sits without support at 6 to 8 months of age rolls completely over at 6 months of age vocalization at 8 months of age pincer grasp at 9 to 11 months of age crawling 6 to 7 months of age stands alone 10 to 12 months of age cruises (walks holding on to something) 10 to 12 months of age walks at 12 to15 months of age
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

begin feeding self at 11 months of age o Cognitive: Piaget 's sensorimotor period o Psychological: Erikson 's developmental task of trust vs. mistrust lays foundation for other developmental tasks stranger anxiety/separation anxiety o Language development cries, smiles, coos by 3 months produces chained syllables by 6 months says two or more words by 1 year understands meaning of "no" by 11 months of age can follow simple directions at 1 year o Play is solitary initially with rattles or mobiles game playing such as peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake by ten months o Common fears from birth to 3 months - fears sudden movements, loud noises, and loss of physical support from 4 to 12 months - fears strangers, strange objects, heights, and anticipation of previous uncomfortable situations o Suggested toys birth to 6 months - mobiles, unbreakable mirrors, music boxes, rattles
Image of page 2
6 to 12 months - blocks, nesting boxes or cups, simple take apart toys, large ball, large puzzles, jack in the box, floating toys, teething toys, activity box, push-pull toys o Threats to health and safety Age-specific Safety Risk Factors The most common injuries by age group: Infants o suffocation o falls o burns Toddler & Preschoolers o poisoning o choking o falls o burns o playground/street related activities School-age o automobile-related injuries (for example, not wearing proper safety restraint devices) o drowning o sports-related injuries (such as not wearing proper equipment, e.g., bicycle helmets, pads, mouthguards) Adolescence
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

o substance abuse o automobile accidents, including speeding, talking/texting while driving o lifestyle choices, such as unprotected sex Adults o lifestyle habits, for example, sun exposure or not wearing safety belts in car o substance abuse o stress-related illnesses o smoking Older Adults o falls o burns o automobile accidents Early Childhood RN Lesson 3 Health Promotion & Maintenance Early Childhood (1 to 3 years) o Growth gains 1.8 to 2.7 kilograms (4 to 6 pounds) per year grows 7.5 centimeters (3 inches) per year (occurs mainly in legs) lordosis and potbelly are characteristic head circumference usually equal to chest circumference by 1 to 2 years of age primary dentition complete by 30 months of age
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern