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Directory service: Stores, Organizes and provides access in a directory. Used for locating managing administering and organizing common items and network resources such as volumes folders files printers’ users’ groups devices phone numbers and other objectsActive Directory Domain Services: is the Microsoft directory service that does the following:Stores information about the identities of users computers and services.Provides authentication for users and computers (Step One)Provides authorization for users and computers to access network resources (Step Two)Lightweight Directory access protocol: is an application protocol for querying and modifying data using directory services running over TCP/IPKerberos: is a computer network authentication protocol, which allows hosts to prove their identity over a nonsecure network in a secure manner.Single Sign-On: allows you to log on once and access multiple related but independent software systems without having to log on again.The logical components which administrators create organize and manage include:Organization units (OUs): Containers in a domain that allow you to organize and group resources foreasier administration, including providing and delegating administrative rightsDomains: Administrative boundaries for users and computers that are stored in a common directorydatabaseDomain trees: Collection of domains that are grouped together in hierarchical structures and that sharea common root domainForests:Collections of domain trees that share a common AD DS.The physical components that make up a active directory include the following:Domain Controllers: The serves that contain the active directory databases, a domain partition storesonly the information about objects located in that domainSite:A group of IP subnets that are connected at high speed
After you create and active directory design you need to think about the actual deploymentprocess