209-2 categories draft - Sexual categories the invention of heterosexuality and homosexuality Dr A.W Lee SOC209 University of Toronto Short writing

209-2 categories draft - Sexual categories the...

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Sexual categories: the invention of heterosexuality and homosexualityDr. A.W. Lee SOC209 University of Toronto
Short writing assignment/Group Exercise 1What were the first lessons you learned about sex homosexuality, heterosexuality? Masturbation and/or sexual fetish(es)? What was the social message you took away from this education?
SexologyContext: Age of Enlightenment (~17th-18th c.); especially science/investigation new form for old sexual regulation; increased secular authority Darwinian evolution - sex, heredity, degeneracy, race health and illness - public health, venereal disease Good health: closed system of vital nervous energy integration with/conformity to broader moral and social environment immorality = unhealthy
SexologySexual orgasm - energy expenditure moderation sexual deviance (non-procreative) medicalized medicine emerging as new form of social control sinsickness
Masturbation“Onanism” - seen by medical profession as self abuse/self-pollution; ‘filthy commerce with oneself ’ Physical and mental illness “spermatorrhoea” “Age of masturbatory insanity” Anti-masturbation: ex. Kellog’s Corn Flakes (plain food, clitoral acid, enemas)
Anti-masturbation4. Victorian anti-masturbation devices: a penis ring; a machine delivering electric shocks to the perpetrator; and a warning of the physical and mental consequences of masturbation, from 1845
Masturbation and “feminization”Feminization of boys through onanism linked to homosexual conduct (not yet named midcentury); masturbation = “code” for homosexuality “threatened masculinity” Case: “timid, afraid of his own shadow, uncertain . . . nor will he walk erect or dignified as if conscious of his manhood and lofty in his aspirations, but will talk with a diminutive, cringing, sycophantic, inferior, mean, self-debased manner. . . . This secret practice has impaired both his physical and mental manhood, and thereby effaced the nobleness and efficiency of the masculine and deteriorated his soul” (Quoted in Smith-Rosenberg, 1978, p. S226)

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