history notes 17 - History Notes: November 14, 2007 Lecture...

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History Notes: November 14, 2007 Lecture #17 Proclamation of amnesty and Reconstitution : Dec. 1863: offers full pardon and restoration of all property except slaves to white southerners who were willing to swear an oath of allegiance to U.S. and accept terms of the Emancipation proclamation 10% Plan : allowed states to come back into the Union if 10% of the population swears oath of allegiance and elect state legislature. State govt. must accept 13th amendment and have it written into their constitution Radical Republicans : opponents of Lincoln who would refuse to recognize the states that came back through the 2 above mentioned; wanted Lincoln to go even further and tackle issue of racism. Absolutely hated the South. Freedmen : former slaves now emancipated who still lived in the South. July 1864, Senator Wade and Davis try to substitute their plan of reconstruction for Lincoln’s Wade-Davis Bill : eliminated 10% plan and requires 50% of all white male citizens to take and oath and swear allegiance and the state can hold state legislature convention and come back to union. Could not have high ranking political and military leaders into legislature and all debts had to be paid off by the South ( to France and G.B.) Want to transform society in a radical way; plan to punish south for what they had done. Wade-Davis bill passed by both houses and Lincoln neither signs nor vetoes. POCKET VETO. Doesn’t have to go on record as being against it but also doesn’t support plan. Bill dies, but the plan does not. Wade and Davis not happy. Decide to come up with Wade-Davis Manifesto. Ironclad Oath : Wade-Davis Manifesto : Wade and Davis’s response to Lincoln’s pocket veto. Say that the problem is that Lincoln is usurping congressional authority. Won’t fund any activities outside the military until he comes around to their way of thinking. And if those that join from 10% rule want to come into Congress they won’t let them. Summer 1865: 40,000 former slaves had settled on land seized from confederates. Former slaves begin to call it Sherman Land. Congress sees what’s happening to them and come up with Freedmen’s Bureau Freedmen’s Bureau : people were to go to South and provide former slaves with food, housing, and possibly even education April 1865: Lincoln assassinated and Andrew Johnson steps in (Democrat, Southerner and former save owner). Johnson: never went to school but was taught by his wife and was a tailor by trade, only southerner to remain loyal to the Union Johnson hates aristocracy of South, his argument: can’t have Reconstruction b/c states can’t leave once they join (can’t come back in b/c technically never left)
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Radical republicans perturbed by this b/c believe it as a free pass for “troublemakers.” Johnson finds it difficult to think about blacks in a positive manner. Issues another Proclamation of Amnesty: takes all rights of property would be
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history notes 17 - History Notes: November 14, 2007 Lecture...

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