history notes 11 - History Notes: October 15, 2007 Lecture...

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History Notes: October 15, 2007 Lecture #11 BOB GATES FUNCTION LAST FRIDAY OF OCTOBER?? GUIDE SHEET FOR BOOK REVIEW HANDED OUT NEXT CLASS. 3 WEEKS FOR PREVIEW DRAFT. SLAVERY IN THE SOUTH; INDUSTRY IN THE NORTH; REFORM MOVEMENTS LEADING TO UTOPIAN COMMUNITIES 1790’s-1850’s Slavery began to decline after the Revolution-thoughts that occurred in England; cotton revives slavery b/c labor intensive Eli Whitney : invented the cotton gin Removing seeds by hand difficult and thrived on borders of GA, which kind of limited slavery to that state With production of cotton gin, one person would clean 50 lbs. of cotton per day as opposed to 1 lb. by hand Cotton that grows in interior (long hair) becomes economic benefit, so this causes cotton to spread across the south-cause for more labor which causes for need of slave Black Belt : land area where good black soil is located (in the south); easy to grow crops; made cotton growing simple and causes people to become wealthy and slaves to be in high demand NOT WHERE BLACK PEOPLE ARE LOCATED SPECIFICALLY People displace the Indians; 1814-1838, the 5 civilized tribes of the SE moved to OK, the last being the Cherokee Modern day MI, AL, LA, people decide that blacks are the only source of slaves (Indians no good)-only people who could handle brutal climate and work conditions People have sympathy towards slaves, most argue against slavery b/c they think it is morally unacceptable, not that blacks are equal to whites; moving towards civil war: same people who don’t want freed slaves by them but want them to be free (basically racist) Britain, slavery outlawed in 1807 and by this time most Northern states had emancipated their slaves; Jan. 1, 1808, slave trade ended by Congress; from here until 1865, all slaves in south were brought from Africa prior to Jan.1, 1808 or were born there Slave owners in upper south begin selling slaves in Delaware, KY, VA, TN were sold to lower south be 1820 and 1860; most moved to new owners tied together “chain gang”, later down the river, or by train Cotton gin comes along because of a need not to enslave blacks further; the British were going through Industrial Revolution using almost all output south could provide Cotton production a rural thing in the South, urban areas of South left behind as opposed to North where banks, factories, etc. being made. Social gap growing South capital in people or land; North capital is in houses, assets, ships, buildings, factories, etc. so when civil war happens this is a liability for South-don’t have enough to arm, train, and field soldiers Arming slaves in South becomes doomsday plan for South, where they would use slaves and if South won then they would be freed LIFE AS A SLAVE:
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Slavery was socially acceptable, economically needed Mid 18th century: about 4 million slaves in U.S. all because born here; by 1850 slaves in South: 55% cotton production, 10% tobacco production, 10% rice/sugar/hemp production, 15% domestic servants (lighter colored slaves) 10%
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course BIO 1407 taught by Professor Grise during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi.

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history notes 11 - History Notes: October 15, 2007 Lecture...

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