history notes 13 - History Notes: October 22, 2007 Lecture...

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History Notes: October 22, 2007 Lecture #13 THE NEW AGE All have in common that they are reactions to society that came with industrial society. People moving from the country to the city. Reformers emerge b/c they see problems. 1820: 3% to 1860: 20% in cities Immigrants needed to work for us. Have to have workers to be successful. Most immigrants come from Ireland (b/c of Potato famine; most go to seaports) and Germany (interior cities: TX, OH, etc.); most go to NY and Boston and don’t speak English and b/c of Catholic religion doesn’t go over well with Protestants and some won’t hire Ghettos : Germans and Irish set up these (positive) area in a city where large #’s of ethnic peoples live and provides arrival point for new immigrant so that they have a familiar point in language, food, culture, etc. Life in cities hard, few municipal water supplies, drink water from wells and go to bathroom in the streets (causes them to get sick), diseases contaminated in water. NYC: develop water supply system that brings water from about 300 miles away. Garbage: cities rely on roaming pigs to eat it or pray for rain to wash it away. B/c of this, cities have problems with diseases that spread rapidly (cholera, typhoid, etc.) Wealthy can pay for sewer systems that are developed, Slums : areas where poor live that have no city services, breeding grounds for crime and starvation Build catholic churches, send to private schools, clubs for men and women for Irish and Germans do similar. New cultural focus is the bar. Men gather to drink, fight, politics, religion, etc. Gang wars true among fire companies (young males expected to volunteer) Entertainment: entrepreneurs build theaters (plays targeted to make fun of ethnicities) Penny papers : people read these and were highly sensationalized (with pictures) that were meant to grab person and only cost a penny of events in local neighborhoods-shocking people becomes more important than telling the truth America’s famous writers get their start in penny papers Walt Whitman : wrote about heart and soul of American psyches. Very high levels of detail of daily lives of these people-lived with them. 1855: leaves of Grass published and considered scandalous Edgar Allen Poe : Baltimore, inspiration in urban culture (from crime and bottle) drowned in puddle b/c passed out drunk; fascinated with grotesque murders and didn’t feel bad about embellishing stories Free blacks in N. cities competing for space; face pervasive discrimination based on skin color. People could discriminate b/c of color (even new immigrants who do so to raise themselves up). Blacks see what immigrants are doing with religion, groups, etc. to unite them and community.
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African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) : focus of blacks to gather to worship, cultural and social events, trading ground for future leaders in community, not frowned on to mix within these churches.
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course BIO 1407 taught by Professor Grise during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi.

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history notes 13 - History Notes: October 22, 2007 Lecture...

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