William_Ghau.Essay.docx - 1 Running Head THE ASSASSINATION...

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1Running Head: THE ASSASSINATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLNThe Assassination of Abraham Lincoln and its effects on ReconstructionWilliam GhauSouthern New Hampshire UniversityHIS 200
2Running Head: THE ASSASSINATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN“The best way to predict the future is to create it.”- Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States. Lincoln had sought to create the future by offering a plan of Reconstruction to bring the southern states back into the Union to keep the United States united as one country. The animosity and the division of the Civil War was still prevalent and neither side was sure what form or how Reconstruction would take place. Lincoln had a detailed plan, but his plan wascircumvented when he was viciously murdered on the evening on April 14th, 1865. President Abraham Lincoln’s assassination had a negative impact on the nation in terms of Reconstruction because of the appointment of unskilled President Andrew Johnson who designed a new Reconstruction plan that caused a spree of widespread violence throughout the nation.The gruesome murder took place at Ford’s Theater where Lincoln and his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln attended Laura Keene’s performance. John Wilkes Booth and his six conspirators had gotten word of his attendance at the performance. Lincoln and his wife were seated in a presidential box above the stage. At around 10:15pm that night, Booth entered the presidential box firing a single-shot in the back of Lincoln’s head as well as stabbing Henry Rathbone, an army officer who rushed at him. However, Booth had escaped on a horseback with a broken leg. A man hunt of 10,000 federal troops were on the lookout of for Booth and was later located inside a Virginia farm house where he died from a shot to the neck. The motive for this horrific event was a conspiracy intended by John Wilkes Booth to revive the Confederate. To succeed, they wanted to eliminatethe three most important officials of theUnited States government, President Abraham Lincoln, Secretary of StateWilliam H. Sewardand Vice President Andrew Johnson. However, Lincoln was the only one that got killed. This assassination caused a ripple effect on the entire nation and shifted the original plan for Reconstruction as the torch was passed on to ex-Vice President Andrew Johnson as now President.
3Running Head: THE ASSASSINATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLNAlong with John Wilkes Booth was his six co-conspirators George Azterodt, Lewis Powell, Mary Surrat, Samuel Arnold, Samuel Mudd and David Herold was all a part of the master mind plan to over throw the United States government. Though, Samuel Arnold was not in Washington at the time of the assassination, Arnold was found guilty to the original kidnapping plan. Samuel Mudd was a doctor who treated Booth broken leg after he fled the scene. However, investigators found that Mudd was associating with Booth the night before the assassination occurred. The conspirators met at a boarding house which was owned by Mary

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