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Running head: CAMPUS RAPE1Campus Rape: CHASTITY and the Goal of InterventionSouthern New Hampshire University
CAMPUS RAPE2Campus Rape: CHASTITY and the Goal of InterventionSexual assault and rape is one of the most visible social issues in this country. More specifically, sexual assault and rape occurring on college campuses s one of the most visible social issues we face today. This issue effects the climate and atmosphere of higher education institutions, and it also effects the attitudes of the individuals who are not directly affected by that facility. The social advocacy group, CHASTITY (Can He Always See the Issue Targeting You), has been created in an attempt to address the issue of ignorance surrounding campus rape, the prevalence, the myths, and increasing awareness and bystander intervention. This paper will address and describe those issues, and how they affect the way that campus rape intervention is being affected by them. IntroductionRape, as defined by the Federal Bureau of Investigations, is “penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim” (FBI, 2014). Campus rape, then, is sexual assault of a student attending any institute of higher learning, such as a university or college. This issues plays a direct role in these social institutions because as per results from as recent as 2015, it is estimated that anywhere from 20 to 25% of women who attended an institution of higher learning were victims of completed or attempted sexual assault (NSVRC, 2016). Advocacy Ultimate GoalBy exploring this crime and violence issue, the advocacy group CHASTITY’s ultimate goal is to significantly increase, and hopefully eliminate, the occurrence of campus rape. This groups will combat this issue through focusing on the issues that precede the actual act of sexual assault. These issues include, but are not limited to, the myths about sexual assault prevalence,
CAMPUS RAPE3sexual assault victims, and sexual assault perpetrators, identifying a situation where sexual assault is present, and increasing confidence in bystander so that they will feel more comfortable intervening. This paper will identify the history of camps rape, the means and methods that will be used to address these issues, and how their presence has affected the perpetual existence of this issue. Evidence, Sociological Theory & Advocacy StatementIn an attempt to build the argument for intervening in campus rape through education andreform, reference reviews will be utilized to build a case for the efficacy of intervention. There are several publications, dating back more than a decade, that address the prevalence of campus rape and the efficacy of education and intervention (Yeater & O’Donohue, 1999). This paper willalso identify longitudinal studies that support the efficacy of bystander intervention training (Moynihan, et. al, 2011; Piccigallo, et. al, 2012; Salazar, et. al, 2014). The sociological theory that best describes the occurrence of campus rape is the control theory. Control theory, unlike