1-7-13-124.pdf - International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research ISSN

1-7-13-124.pdf - International Journal of Pharmaceutical...

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International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research 9 International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research ISSN: 2455-4685, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.28 Volume 2; Issue 1; January 2017; Page No. 09-16 A review on pharmacological and cosmeceutical properties of Curcuma longa Dr. Abida Sultana Sathi Medical Officer (AMC), Upazilla Health Complex, Keranigonj, Dhaka, Bangladesh Abstract Curcuma longa is extensively used as an aromatic medicinal cosmetic in Indian subcontinent. The plant has been in traditional use and in Unani literature it is mentioned as a remedy for various diseases related to skin, cardiovascular and respiratory system. For the last few decades, research works have been done to establish the pharmacological potential of Curcuma longa and its extracts. Some of them include anti-inflammatory, wound healing, anti-melanogenic, antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity, anti- tumor, anti-cancer, anti-repellent, antitussive, anti-platelet activity and antinephrotoxic activity. This review gives an update mainly on the pharmacological and cosmeceutical activities of Curcuma longa . and its extracts with plausible medicinal applications. Keywords: curcuma longa, pharmacological, cosmeceutical, anti-inflammatoty, skin disease 1. Introduction Curcuma longa or turmeric is the rhizome or underground stem of ginger like plant. The plant is an herbaceous perrineal, 60-90 cm high with a short stem tufted leaf. Its flowers are yellow, between 10-15 cm in length and they group together in dense spikes, which appear from the end of spring until the middle session. No fruits are known for this plant. The whole turmeric rhizome, with a rough, segmented skin. The rhizome is yellowish-brown with a dull orange interior that looks bright yellow when powdered. Rhizome measures 2.5-7.0 cm (in length), and 2.5 cm (in diameter) with small tuber branching off. Turmeric held a place of honour in Indian traditional ayurvedic medicine. In ayurvedic it was prescribed for the treatment of many medical problems ranging from constipation to skin diseases. It was used as digestive aid and treatment for fever, inflammation, wounds, infections, dysentery, arthritis, injuries, trauma, jaundice and other liver problems. In Unani turmeric is considered to be sefest herb of choice for all blood disorders since it purifies, stimulates and builds blood. To most people in India, from housewives to Himalayan hermits, turmeric affectionately called the ‘KITCHEN QUEEN’, the main spice of kitchen. Long term use in turmeric, tulsi and trifala can be likened to a short term Pancha Karma treatment. Turmeric is relatively broad spectrum antifungal. Turmeric exhibits antioxidant activity and protect from free radical damage. Curcumas also exhibits anti-tumor activities and prevent cancer.
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