Contract law.docx - Introduction\"Introduction to business law in Singapore was sold by Alan to three different people namely Bernard Charleen and Damien

Contract law.docx - Introduction"Introduction to business...

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Introduction "Introduction to business law in Singapore" was sold by Alan to three different people, namely Bernard, Charleen and Damien. Later, Bernard and Damien realized that the book had been released free of charge by Kaplan. Legal issues involve whether a contract is formed between the parties involved and the role of the individual in the case. At the same time, possible alternatives to handling the problem, other than compensation, should also be proposed. Contract formation Issue Bernard, Charleen and Damien conducted different transactions with Alan for the same book that was released free of charge by Kaplan. This dispute will need to prove whether there are any legally binding contracts between the parties that have been established. Rule A contract is valid when it is an agreement, including "offer" and "acceptance". It means there is consensus among the parties. These agreements are only considered effective when the aspects are clear. Therefore, a "vague" agreement, incomplete or constitutes a contract and will not be enforced. A consideration is mandatory by the Australian Government to ensure the benefits of parties, which stipulates that gratuitous promises will not be made. However, according to the doctrine of promissory estoppel the execution of the agreement even lacks the existence of a valid review. This is meant to protect the promisee in case the promisor denied the responsibility of the view and alleges that the promise was not enforced lawfully [Ped01]. A contract is legal when the parties intend to create a legal relationship. Mostly, when a consideration of the parties is conducted will be evidence to prove intention, but not always. In specific cases, the court will require proof of onus to conduct the investigation. Often, commercial transactions will be considered legal consequences while social commitments are not [JWC96]. In the case there is a social and domestic relationship, which meaning the relationship between friend or family, it will be considered as no intention of binding a legal contract. Application For the case of Alan v. Bernard initially had no contract between them because Alan had refused Bernard's offer. However, then, when Bernard sent the money, although kept silent, but then Alan accepted the money. That suggests there is an intention to create a contract by Alan. So a contract was formed between them and Bernard sued Alan for his later sale of a partial offer to Damien. Furthermore, Alan did not hand over all his offer and did not announce that the grant was free of charge by Kaplan. That means that Alan created the misrepresentation, and the break of the Sale of Goods Act (SOGA). In the case of Charleen, since the two had a close relationship, that was evidence of both having no intention to confirm a legal relationship, so no contract was formed between them.
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For Alan v. Damien, although the offer was not sent directly to Damien, however, Alan accepted the money and then promised to submit the document on 07 of Nov. That means an agreement was made between the two of them, proof of a binding legal contact. However,
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