RS371 Ashkenazi lecture

RS371 Ashkenazi lecture - Jews lecture 3/22/2007 Thursday...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Jews lecture 3/22/2007 Thursday Interwar period Remarkable Polish Jews 19 th century – 20 th century in Galicia (Hapsburg at the time) – Esperanto: the universal artificial made up language. 40-50 million people in the world know this language. Not accidental that this language was invented by Dr. Ludwig Zamenhof. o Three main ethnic groups in Galicia. Pols, jews, and Ukrainians. If people had a common language, relations would improve – very naïve and idealistic by Zamenhof. Became very famous after he died. o Isaak Bashev Zinger: Polish Jewish history during interwar period. Author, wrote many novels. Last great author in Yiddish. Lucky enough to emigrate to the US before WWII and published numerous novels in Yiddish devoted to the Polish Jews, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. During interwar period, Poland became an independent country. Started with political quarrelling Polish proverb, “two pols, three parties” Zionist movement in Poland very strong now Pilsudski was fed up with the political situation and led a coup de tat and became the supreme ruler of Poland. Very mild dictatorship. No imprisonments of enemies or mass corruption Germany situation: Poland remained multi ethnic. One third was ethnic minorities (germans, ukrans, jews(10%)) Jews in independent Poland had it good. Were a separate nationality and citizens of the Polish state. Not entirely practiced. Jews had their own schools and education in them was similar to other schools, but polish education minister said jewish diplomas would not be recognized Jewish activities were prohibited Jewish population was in towns and cities. Jewish population in Warsaw in 1931 was 30% of that city. Also they lived in very small town like settlements (Shtetl) – very traditional, exceeded 50-80% of those towns. Great alienation of the jews from the Polish mainstream. Polish census of 1931, almost 80% of all jews spoke Yiddish as mother tongue. Very few jews were un-acculturated. Government wanted more jews to speak polish and be acculturated. Jewish discrimination increased greatly as time went on. No civil service jobs allowed. Very few jewish teachers in public schools. Few railroad jews. Law that made all citizens rest on Sundays, no work. Jews had no work on Saturdays or Sundays then. This hurt Jewish shops and businesses. Government tried to develop a Polish middle class, without the Jews. Economic position of Jews rapidly declined, few rich Jews. Some Jews became Far Lefties (socialism communism) and others joined Zionist Parties. Situation became worse during the Great Depression, hit Poland especially due to declining agricultural export industry. Jews became scapegoat for world’s Great Depression. Blamed by Pols. Continued increase in Anti-Semitism after Pilsudski’s death. Noone really could stick up for the Jews any longer.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 20

RS371 Ashkenazi lecture - Jews lecture 3/22/2007 Thursday...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online