Freedom, Cosmopolitanism, and the European Enlightenment: This section touches on the subject of the freedom of ideas expressed by tolerance in both western and eastern civilization at different times. It also introduces the cosmopolitan idea there is one moral community that transcends nationality, culture, and religious traditions. The principles of liberty and toleration were also advanced and became more common place during the Enlightenment era (17-18thcenturies in Europe).Religion, Civic Life, and Civil Disobedience: This section traces the progression of the aforementioned ideals of freedom and toleration, first expressed by the ancient Greeks, into the civil disobedience movement of Martine Luther King Jr. Like Socrates and Kant, King thought that we should have the freedom to criticize idea, i.e.political, moral, religious, but unlike Socrates, King also felt that argumentation was not enough. This section also introduces the idea that religion is generally thought to an impediment to free thought, because it introduces a set of commands that all peopleshould follow in the name of God or a higher power, etc. It closes with a word about how the case of King shows that this assessment sounds too simplistic, since King was a stauch advocate of reform though he was a Baptist minister.