EXAM 4.docx - EXAM 4 1 The Bobo doll experiment determines...

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EXAM 4 1. The Bobo doll experiment determines how kids learn aggression through observation. 2. Maintenance Rehearsal is the process of repeatedly verbalizing or thinking about a piece of information. Your short-term memory is able to hold information about 20 seconds. 3. The Five Factor Model : The Big Five: - Openness to experience –Openness reflects the degree of intellectual curiosity, creativity and a preference for novelty and variety a person has. It is also described as the extent to which a person is imaginative or independent, and depicts a personal preference for a variety of activities over a strict routine. Low: practical, conventional, skeptical, rational - Conscientiousness – A tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement; planned rather than spontaneous behavior; organized, and dependable. Low: spontaneous, careless, can be prone to addiction - Extraversion – Energy, positive emotions, assertiveness, sociability and the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of others, and talkativeness. Low: quiet, independent, cautious, enjoys time alone - Agreeableness – A tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic towards others. It is also a measure of ones' trusting and helpful nature, and whether a person is generally well tempered or not. Low: uncooperative and hostile; find it hard to empathize with others - Neuroticism – The tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily, such as anger, anxiety, depression, or vulnerability. Neuroticism also refers to the degree of emotional stability and impulse control Low: emotionally stable 4. Nonverbal communication (NVC) between people is communication through sending and receiving wordless cues. It includes the use of visual cues such as body language (kinesics), distance (proxemics) and physical environments/appearance, of voice (paralanguage) and of touch (haptics). 5. Deindividuation is a concept in social psychology that is generally thought of as the losing of self-awareness in groups. - Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms. Norms are implicit, specific rules, shared by a group of individuals, that guide their interactions with others. 6. taijin kyofushu, hikikomori, koro, and amok - Koro Origins: China, Malaysia, Indonesia A man who suffers from Koro has an overpowering belief that his genitals are retracting and will gradually be absorbed by his body. - Amok Origins: Malaysia A person suffering from Amok suddenly withdraws from family and friends, then bursts into a murderous rage, attacking the people or objects around him with whatever weapon is available.
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- Taijin Kyofusho Origins: Japan A person suffering from Taijin Kyofusho are likely to be extremely embarrassed of themselves or displeasing to others when it comes to the functions of their bodies or appearances. This culture-bound syndrome is a social phobia dealing with social anxiety.
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