ANTH Final Study Guide.docx - Exam Terms 4 will be on the...

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Exam Terms; 4 will be on the exam, you will choose 3 1. Ethnoscape : (Appadurai, Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy) - The suffix -scape explains the building blocks of the “imagined world” that people live in, characterized by international capital. Ethnoscape consists of the tourists, immigrants, exiles, and refugees that affect our everyday politics. More and more of these people are moving as international shifts take place and new production and technology are brought about. Appadurai proposes five factors that contribute to the global exchange of ideas and information. He labels these five dimensions “-scapes” which are fluid and constantly shifting, just as cultures are. Ethnoscape refers to the migration of people across cultures and borders, presenting the world and its many communities as fluid and mobile, instead of static. They are tourists, immigrants, refugees, exiles, guest workers, and others. 2. Structural violence : (Farmer, On Suffering and Structural Violence: A View from Below) - individual experience affected by social forces, like poverty, racism, and sexism, and extreme suffering, like rape. S ocial structures negatively impacts the lives of the underprivileged, whether it be economically, politically, or judicially. Anthropologists Paul Farmer and Alexander Hinton studied structural violence by using ethnography as a medium to show structural violence, how individuals do not always suffer in the same ways or in the same amount, and to better understand large-scale genocides through his ethnographic fieldwork about Cambodia focused around Communist ideology and honor, respectively. A form of violence that arises from some social institutions or structures that harm people by preventing them from getting their basic needs. Certain institutions or norms settled in society avoid or make it harder for groups in society to achieve their goals. For instance, there are certain restrictions that prevent women from getting the same salary or same positions as men, when
they have the same skills. The negative values are institutionalized which avoids the agent to escape from them. Marginalization, exclusion, physical harm, and poverty are some of the examples of the type of violence that some structures of societies can create upon us. Examples of the structures of society can be the government, school, political economy, immigration laws, and even religion. The anthropologist Farmer shows through her fieldwork structural violence in Haiti, where not only the poorest people, but even women suffered the most to obtain basic needs, such as decent work. By studying the who, what, and to what extent of structural violence, analysis from a combination of the individual and larger general experience can be utilized to determine the future results such as personal distress and disease. Farmer analyzes the micro and macro aspects of suffering to adequately examine the effects of individual suffering on the

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