Review Study Guide for Psychology

Review Study Guide for Psychology - Review Study Guide for...

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Review Study Guide for Psychology, Exam III Schizophrenia I. Brain Pathology A. Enlarged cerebral ventricles among those with negative symptoms of schizophrenia i. Hollow, fluid-filled cavities in brain ii. Continues to enlarge as the disorder progresses B. Loss of gray matter in cerebral cortex Affective (Mood) Disorders I. Mood Disorders A. Characterized by wide emotional swings, ranging from deep depression to extreme euphoria and agitation i. Spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes II. Types of Mood Disorders A. Major Depressive Disorder i. Individual experiences a major depressive episode and depressed characteristics for at least two weeks or longer B. Dysthymic Disorder i. Generally more chronic and has fewer symptoms than Major Depressive Disorder (typically lasts over at least a two year period) C. Bipolar Disorder i. Characterized by extreme mood swings that include episodes of mania and depressed episodes III. Onset Pattern for Depressive Disorder A. Reactive i. Develops suddenly in reaction to severe loss (i.e., precipitating cause) B. Endogenous i. Develops gradually; no obvious precipitating cause IV. Major Depressive Episode A. Emotional Symptoms i. Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, despair B. Behavioral Symptoms i. Dejected facial expression, make less eye contact, slow movements, slow speech, spontaneous episodes of crying, loss of interest in pleasurable activities, withdrawal from social activities C. Physical Symptoms
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i. Significant weight loss or gain, insomnia or oversleeping, vague but chronic pains, loss of physical and mental energy, diminished sexual interest D. Cognitive Symptoms i. Difficulty in thinking/concentrating/remembering, global negativity, pessimism, suicidal thoughts E. Prevalence: Women (21%), Men (12%) F. Require Hospitalization: Women (6%), Men (3%) V. Major Depression and Suicide A. 40% are not recovered within six weeks i. 24% are not recovered within one year B. There are more than 250,000 suicide attempts each year i. About 1 in 8 are “successful” ii. Suicide is the 11 th leading cause of death in the United States C. Characteristics of those who attempt suicide i. Major depressive episode a. 25% greater than in general population ii. Marital status a. Rate for singles is 50% greater b. Divorced/widowed are three times greater iii. Occupational status a. Suicide rates particularly high among the unemployed and those with prestigious/high-pressure jobs iv. Age a. Highest attempts: 24-44 b. Highest “success”: 55-65 c. Adolescents/young adults: 3 rd leading cause of death, rate increased by 300% in the last four decades d. College vs. non college: college students are almost twice the rate of non college students v. Gender a. Women are three times more likely to attempt suicide, but men are four times more likely to be “successful” D. Myths about suicide i. Those who talk about suicide seldom make attempts a. The majority of victims communicate their intention at
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PSY 202 taught by Professor Henriques during the Winter '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Review Study Guide for Psychology - Review Study Guide for...

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