Vocabulary Study Guide for Exam II-PSYCH

Vocabulary Study Guide for Exam II-PSYCH - Vocabulary Study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Vocabulary Study Guide for Exam II CHAPTER FOUR (pp. 139-195) ●Developmental Psychology: a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span. ●Zygote: the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo. ●Embryo: the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month. ●Fetus: the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth. ●Teratogens: agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm. ●Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman’s heavy drinking. In severe cases, symptoms include noticeable facial misproportions. ●Rooting Reflex: a baby’s tendency, when touched on the cheek, to turn toward the touch, open the mouth, and search for the nipple. ●Habituation: decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus, their interest wanes and they look away sooner. ●Maturation: biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience. ●Schema: a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information. ●Assimilation: interpreting one’s new experience in terms of one’s existing schemas. ●Accommodation: adapting one’s current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information. ●Cognition: all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. ●Sensorimotor Stage: in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
●Object Permanence: the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived. ●Preoperational Stage: in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic. ●Conservation: the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects. ●Egocentrism: in Piaget’s theory, the preoperational child’s difficulty taking another’s point of view. ●Theory of Mind: people’s ideas about their own and others’ mental states—about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior these might predict. ●Autism: a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others’ states of mind. ●Concrete Operational Stage:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PSY 202 taught by Professor Henriques during the Winter '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

Page1 / 15

Vocabulary Study Guide for Exam II-PSYCH - Vocabulary Study...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online