week10.doc - Study Questions Anth 353\/Sustn 353 Week 10 Orlove 68-115 1 What three aspects of Orloves research plan were most important to him(p70-a

week10.doc - Study Questions Anth 353/Sustn 353 Week 10...

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Study Questions Anth 353/Sustn 353 Week 10 Orlove 68-115 1. What three aspects of Orlove’s research plan were most important to him? (p70) -a list of the price of the fish (simple) -a complete consensus of fisherman (tricky) -a detailed record of the fish that the fisherman caught (hard) 2. What complications arose when Orlove began to study the ecology of Lake Titicaca? (p71) even finding out the price of the fish was a more complex matter than he had anticipated he couldn't even tell them apart he also had to learn the units by which the fish were sold and the items for which they were exchanged prices varied from market to market 3. How did IMARPE contribute to Orlove’s project? (p72) Made research about consensus of fisherman just 3 years ago so they were willed to give him access to the date in exchange for money (out of his additional budget) data had been compiled at considerable effort 4. Describe the ‘catch survey’ method used by Orlove. (p75) a researcher takes a sample of the total number of fishing economic units and trains the members of this sample to record their catch they also directly measure the catch of another sample of such units to provide a reliability check since local fisherman may be inaccurate in their self recording. once the fishermen own reports are corrected, simple statistics extrapolates the catch of the entire population from the reports. 5. Why did Orlove pay the fishermen who participated in the research? What problems could this technique create? (p78) He paid them so they would participate on the research, and so that they would do their work and catch not more than they do
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usually but this enforced competition and falsifying the reports and false approval to fish in land that belonged to other villages since they are paid employees. 6. Why did Orlove think the ritualized way in which the IMARPE staff distributed research materials to the fisherman was important? (p83) IMARPE had a very standardized process and let the fishermen stand in line the workshop has contained many moments that demeaned (erniedrigend) the fishermen they had been treated like they were uneducated boors and they accepted this inferiority. yet the fishermen were also in a sense being honored by their inclusion in the project it offers them a chance to garner recognition for themselves, the villages, and their entire way of life. one step in the fight against oblivion, to be forgotten 7. What were the major sources of error in Orlove’s fishing study data? (p86) fisherman recorded catch in his notebook, when he transferred the data from the notebook to the catch survey form, when Hilda entered the data on the coding form when the research assistant entered the data into the computer from the coding form.
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