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Explain carpal tunnel syndrome. What structures are involved, and what pathology exists here? Recommend prevention tips and treatments for this syndrome. Explain the . Carpal tunnel syndrome is defined as a “condition that occurs when one of the major nerves to the hand — the median nerve — is squeezed or compressed as it travels through the wrist”. The median nerve is incased in the carpal tunnel in the wrist. When the tunnel/tissues, called synovium, swell, it places pressure on the median nerve restricting movement. The pressure also causes pain, numbness, a tingling sensation, and weakness. The condition, if left un treated, can become so severe that the effected person can lose feeling in their hand and may require surgery to reverse the symptoms. Recommended prevention tips:I would watch out for repetitive motion and use of the wrists and hands. I would suggest administrative controls to change up the work being performed. If the worker has frequent breaks from the repetitive motion and continuous use of the wrists, this should help with reducing the likelihood of developing CTS. If a worker is primarily at a desk and typing. I would suggestto keep an eye on wrist position. It is important to sit ergonomically includingthe wrist and hands. The wrist rests need to be used as intended. If needed, some compression gloves could be provided to help with controlling swelling.If there are any issued that arise, or any pain that occurs, then I would suggest that the employee takes a break and get an icepack. At that point I would also suggest that they seek medical attention, if the breaks are not effective. A modified Allen test is a physical examine of the superficial and deep palmer arches in the hand/wrist. When done properly, you can see the blood/flush color come back into the hand. -modified-allen-test/“A modified Allen test measures arterial competency, and should be performed before taking an arterial sample.