PCN- Theory Review Chart (1).docx - Theory Review Chart Theoretical Framework Psychodynamic 1 Psychoanalysis View of Human Nature The Freudian view of

PCN- Theory Review Chart (1).docx - Theory Review Chart...

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Theory Review Chart Theoretical Framework View of Human Nature Key Theorists Key Terminology/ Key Concepts Strengths Weakness Therapeutic Techniques Psychodynamic 1. Psychoanalysis The Freudian view of human nature can be determined by causes. The causes of behavior include irrational forces, unconscious motives, and genetic factors within the first six years of life. Sigmund Freud was a major key theorist. Freud focuses on the personality’s development. His focus is on the conscious and unconscious. Human instincts are a major cause to the way that humanity behaves. Libido is a term that refers to one’s sex drive. Life instincts were applied soon after that. Life instincts are the way that humans grow and develop. Freud also referred to death instincts. This is the way in which humans want to harm themselves because they want to die. The sexual and aggression drives are huge factors that lead to human behavior. The human’s personality structure includes the id, ego, and superego. The id is the personality of someone when they are first born. The Strengths of psychoanalytic therapy include challenging the personality, exploring and understanding the mind, clients showing improvement and changes, clients show achievable outcomes, and therapist will be successful with clients who have depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, relationship issues, stress disorder, health and eating disorders, and other personality disorders. Weaknesses of psychoanalytic therapy include understanding clients, cultural norms/prejudice, a sexually repressed society, sexist assumptions, and a client with a history of failed therapy sessions. Therapeutic techniques include organizing one’s personality, the therapist keeps their sessions limited, the therapist shows support and reassures the client. The therapist also focuses on the present time. The therapist will have the client express their thoughts, feelings, and/or emotions. The therapist will not show a state or disagreement or approval. The therapist focuses on objectives that the client will most likely end up doing rather than fantasizing what could happen. Clients have free association with the therapist. Whatever they want to say about how they feel, they can do so. The therapist can interpret what the client is capable of doing so based on their behavior and readiness. The therapist will suggest meeting three or more times a week for at least five years. At the beginning, clients will feel
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ego is controls the personality. The superego knows right from wrong and knows their morals. The conscious and unconscious levels give a better understanding of one’s personality. The unconscious stores all memories and experiences. Another approach to psychoanalysis is anxiety. Anxiety motivates one to behave in a certain way because of their depression or feelings. There are three types of anxieties: reality anxiety, neurotic anxiety, and moral anxiety. The development of one’s personality include stages: psychosexual stages, oral stage, anal stage, and phallic stage. Each
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