History 122i-Module 3 Study Guide.docx - Chapter 22 Tables P 645 651 654 658 668 675 Revolutions in the Atlantic World nd Pages 642-677(2 Ed or Pages

History 122i-Module 3 Study Guide.docx - Chapter 22 Tables...

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Chapter 22: Tables: P. 645, 651, 654, 658, 668, 675 Revolutions in the Atlantic World Pages 642-677 (2 nd Ed.) or Pages 576-677 (1 st Ed.) Terms and Concepts 1. Know the members of each of the Three Estates of France P. 644-64 6 [ 18 th Cent. European society divided into groups with special privileges ] [1 st : clergy ] [2 nd : nobility ] [3 rd : commoners/peasantry ( special burdens/ middle & low class )] 2. Bourgeoisie P. 645 [ well-educated, prosperous, middle- class groups ] [ marriage between nobles and { wealthy, educated commoners }] served both groups’ ( rich and poor ) interests ( mixed- caste elite ) 3. Seven Years War (causes, nations involved, outcome) P. 647, 649-650 1756- 1763 [Causes : ( political, economic, & military crisis ) Austria = win back Silesia & crush Prussia; N. America = encroachment of Eng. Settlers into French territory in Ohio Valley ] [Nations : central Eur., India, N. America ( Eng. & Prussia VS. France, Austria, & Spain )] [Outcome : British victory on all colonial fronts; increase taxes to repay loans=protests for reform; population; seeds of conflict in Atlantic were sown ] 4. Treaty of Paris, 1763 P. 647 [ ended 7yrs. War ] [ Canada & all French territory east of Miss. River & India passed to Britain ; { Louisiana to Spain ( Spain’s loss of Florida to Britain )}] 5. Estates General P. 654 [ May 5, 1789- legislative representative body of 3 estates of France met in Versailles in response to imminent state bankruptcy by poor grain harvest in 1788 ] { 12 hundred delegates } 6. National Assembly P. 654 ( June 20, 1789 ) [ French Representative assembly ] [ delegates of 3 rd estate & members of clergy, 2 nd estate ] 7. Bastille P. 654 [ Royal prison in Paris ] ( July 14, 1789 ) [ Stormed by common ppl ] [ 1 st episode of violence in French Revolution ] 8. Tennis Court Oath P. 654-655 ( June 20, 1789 ) [ pledge not to disband until recognized as National Assembly & written new constitution ] 9. Jacobin Club P. 656- 657; 676 [ political club during French Revolution ] [ deputies of Legislative Assembly ( imprisoned Louis XVI )] [( Sept. 1792 ) new assembly -National
12. Reign of Terror P. 657-659; 676 ( 1793- 1794 ) [ Robespierre’s Committee of Public Safety tried & executed some 40,000 suspected of treason (“ enemies of the nation ”)- executed by the guillotine] [ new revolutionary culture imposed ] [ republican beliefs/practices ] 13. Thermidorian Reaction P. 659 ( July 27, 1794 ) { Date known as 9 Thermidor=France’s new republican calendar } [ reaction to violence of Reign of Terror resulting in execution of Max.

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