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Relativity Concept Map

Relativity Concept Map - nuclear weapons General Relativity...

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Accelerated reference frame Unaccelerated (constant velocity) reference frame “Choose your own Adventure” Relativity Concept Map Choose a Reference Frame Special Relativity: Main Concepts Principle of Relativity states that every observer sees the same laws of physics. Speed of light is the same for all observers. Application : GPS satellites use constancy of speed of light to pinpoint your location though distance = (speed of light)*(time) Special Relativity Implies: Time Dilation : Clocks in a moving reference frame run slower compared to clocks in non-moving frames. No Universal Time! No Simultaneity Application : Time travel to the future! Length Contraction : Moving rulers (objects) appear shorter Mass is Energy : E=m c 2 Application
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Unformatted text preview: : nuclear weapons General Relativity: Main Concepts Equivalence Principle: you can’t tell the difference between gravity and acceleration. Application : Artificial Gravity Principle of Relativity states that every observer sees the same laws of physics. Speed of light is the same for all observers. General Relativity Implies: Special Relativity ! Special relativity is a special case of general relativity, when the reference frames are not accelerating. Bending of Light in Gravity “Rubber Sheet” Twin Paradox Twin on Earth is not accelerating (special relativity) Twin in spaceship is accelerating (general relativity) Using special relativity, Twin on Earth is older....
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