Essential & Nonessential Phrases and Clauses.docx

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03/01/16 ESSENTIAL AND NONESSENTIAL PHRASES AND CLAUSES QUIZZES – Punctuation: Commas with essential & nonessential elements, 2 practice quizzes ESSENTIAL/RESTRICTIVE Clauses/phrases that limit/restrict the identity of the subject in some way Need them for sentence to make sense Generally, use “that” and NO COMMA w/ restrictive/essential clauses/phrases or “who” if it’s a person Ex: The painting that was hanging in the foyer was stolen. (Not the one in the dining room or the living room.) The suspect in the lineup who has red hair committed the crime. The store honored complaints that were less than 60 days old. My son Cameron plays baseball. (This presumes I have more than one son, so you need his name for clarity.) NONESSENTIAL/NONRESTRICTIVE (you can drop these from the sentence) A nonrestrictive/nonessential cluse may tell us something interesting/Incidental about a subject but it doesn’t define that subject You will use "which" or “who” with commas for nonrestrictive or nonessential clauses.
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  • Spring '16
  • Linda Leavell
  • Lorraine Carlton

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