CT Practice Book 2018 - OFFICIAL 2018 CONNECTICUT PRACTICE BOOK(Revision of 1998 CONTAINING RULES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT CODE OF JUDICIAL CONDUCT

CT Practice Book 2018 - OFFICIAL 2018 CONNECTICUT...

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Unformatted text preview: OFFICIAL 2018 CONNECTICUT PRACTICE BOOK (Revision of 1998) CONTAINING RULES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT CODE OF JUDICIAL CONDUCT RULES FOR THE SUPERIOR COURT RULES OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE APPENDIX OF FORMS INDEX OF OFFICIAL JUDICIAL BRANCH FORMS Published by The Commission on Official Legal Publications Copyrighted by the Secretary of the State of the State of Connecticut 2018 by the Secretary of the State, State of Connecticut EXPLANATORY NOTES The Superior Court Rules as organized herein were first published in the Connecticut Law Journal dated July 29, 1997. This 2018 edition of the Practice Book contains amendments to the Superior Court Rules, Rules of Appellate Procedure, and Appendix of Forms. The amendments were published in the Connecticut Law Journals dated April 4, July 4, August 8, and October 24, 2017. A parenthetical notation about the origin of each rule is found at the end of every section in this volume. The notation (P.B. 1978-1997, Sec. ) indicates the number of the section in the 1978-1997 Practice Book corresponding to the current section. Current numbers of any sections corresponding to the sections in the 1978-1997 Practice Book appear in the Reference Tables following the text of the rules. The notation (1998) indicates that the section was new in the 1998 Practice Book, taking effect October 1, 1997. The notation (See P.B. 1978-1997, Sec. ) (1998) indicates that the section was modeled on a rule in the 19781997 Practice Book but was actually adopted for the first time to take effect October 1, 1997. There may be significant differences between the rules in this volume and those in the 1978-1997 Practice Book on which they were modeled. The temporary numbers assigned to those rules in the July 29, 1997 Connecticut Law Journal, where they were originally published, appear in the Reference Tables following the text of the rules. Where a section was adopted or amended after 1997, a parenthetical notation to that effect appears either immediately following the text of the section or following the parenthetical notation concerning the derivation of the section. Where the title to a section has been amended, a parenthetical notation appears immediately following the title. The Table of Practice Book Changes, following the text of the rules, documents the dates on which rules were adopted, repealed, amended, or transferred to another section. Histories describing the nature of amendments and Commentaries indicating the intended purpose of new rules or amendments to existing rules are printed following the text of new or amended rules. Histories and Commentaries are included for only those rules that were adopted or amended to take effect in the year corresponding to the current edition of the Practice Book, with the following exceptions: (1) the Histories and Commentaries to the rules on sealing of files and closure of the courtroom will be retained on a cumulative basis; (2) the 2014 Commentary to Section 1-10B and the 2017 Commentary to Section 2-27A have been retained; and (3) Commentaries to certain sections of the Rules of Appellate Procedure have been retained. Users wanting to access the Histories documenting rule changes and Commentaries to new or amended rules, in a given year, should not discard the corresponding edition of the Practice Book. For example, Histories and Commentaries corresponding to rule changes to take effect January 1, 2018, will appear only in the 2018 edition of the Practice Book and not in subsequent editions, unless the rule falls into one of the exceptions, listed previously. The Commentaries to the rules of practice are included in this volume for informational purposes only. Commentaries to those rules are not adopted by the Judges and Justices when they vote to adopt proposed rule changes. Commentaries to the Rules of Professional Conduct and Code of Judicial Conduct are adopted by the Judges and Justices and are printed in every edition of the Practice Book. Beginning in 2000, Amendment Notes were incorporated into the Rules of Professional Conduct and the Code of Judicial Conduct. Those notes, approved by the Rules Committee of the Superior Court to explain the revisions to the Rules of Professional Conduct and Code of Judicial Conduct, appear only in the edition of the Practice Book corresponding to the year of the revision and not in subsequent editions. iii Copyrighted by the Secretary of the State of the State of Connecticut The system used to number each section is based on the chapter in which the section is located. Each section has a two part number. The first part of the number designates the chapter, and the second part designates the number of the section within that chapter. (Chapter 1 begins with 1-1, chapter 2 with 2-1, etc.) The internal breakdown of individual rules follows the style of the General Statutes. Subsections are designated by lower case letters in parentheses, (a), (b), subdivisions are designated by numbers in parentheses, (1), (2), and subparagraphs are designated by upper case letters in parentheses, (A), (B). The Rules of Appellate Procedure, as well as the Superior Court Rules, were reorganized in 1998. The reorganization of the Rules of Appellate Procedure was completed subsequent to the publication of the July 29, 1997 Connecticut Law Journal and was published in this volume for the first time in 1998. The goal in reorganizing the Rules of Appellate Procedure was to present them in the order in which an appellant might approach the appeal process, i.e., rules on whether to appeal, how to file, what to do next, when argument will take place, opinions and reargument. Rules on various special proceedings were organized into separate chapters. No substantive changes were made in the course of reorganization, but there were editorial changes. Two versions of certain Rules of Appellate Procedure pertaining to the preparation of the appellate record were published in the 2014, 2015, and 2016 editions of the Practice Book. A parenthetical indicated whether the rule was applicable to appeals filed before July 1, 2013, or applicable to appeals filed on or after July 1, 2013. Only one version of those rules is included in this edition, and the parenthetical has been removed. The appellate clerk’s office can provide guidance regarding appeals filed before July 1, 2013. In 2002, an Appendix was added following the Index. The Appendix contains certain forms that previously had been in Volume 2 of the 1978-1997 Practice Book. In 2010, an Index of Official Judicial Branch Forms used in Civil, Family and Juvenile Matters was added to the Practice Book, following the Appendix of Forms. In 2012, the Appendix of Superior Court Standing Orders, which was added in 2010, was removed. A notice referring the reader to the Judicial Branch website for access to the Superior Court Standing Orders was substituted in its place. In 2018, the Index of Official Judicial Branch Forms Used in Civil, Family and Juvenile Matters was removed. A notice referring the reader to the Judicial Branch website for access to official Judicial Branch forms was substituted in its place. Effective January 1, 2003, the rules pertaining to procedure in juvenile matters were amended and reorganized. The amendments initially were published in the Connecticut Law Journal of July 23, 2002. The July 23, 2002 Connecticut Law Journal gave notice that the rules on juvenile matters, which, since 1998, had been found in chapters 26 through 35, had been moved to chapters 26a through 35a. In the Practice Book itself, however, the original numbers of the juvenile rules were retained wherever possible. Every year certain nonsubstantive, technical editorial changes are made to a number of the rules. Some, but not all, of these changes are explained in Technical Change notes. iv Copyrighted by the Secretary of the State of the State of Connecticut TABLE OF CONTENTS Attorney’s Oath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Rules of Professional Conduct Preamble. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rules and Commentaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preamble. . . . . . Scope . . . . . . . Terminology . . . . Application . . . . . Canons, Rules and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . of Judicial Conduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 4 . . . . . 65 65 66 67 68 Chapter and Section Headings of the Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Superior Court Rules and Rules of Appellate Procedure Superior Court—General Provisions Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Scope of Rules . . . . . . Attorneys. . . . . . . . . . Appearances . . . . . . . Pleadings . . . . . . . . . Trials . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgments . . . . . . . . . Clerks; Files and Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 112 163 169 171 173 175 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 183 189 201 210 211 231 238 240 246 258 261 265 266 270 272 282 Chapter 25 General Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 Superior Court—Procedure in Civil Matters Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 8 Commencement of Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Pleadings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Motions, Requests, Orders of Notice, and Short Calendar 12 Transfer of Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Discovery and Depositions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Dockets, Trial Lists, Pretrials and Assignment Lists . . . . 15 Trials in General; Argument by Counsel . . . . . . . . . . 16 Jury Trials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Judgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Fees and Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Hearings in Chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Receivers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Unemployment Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Miscellaneous Remedies and Procedures . . . . . . . . . 24 Small Claims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superior Court—Procedure in Family Matters Superior Court—Procedure in Family Support Magistrate Matters Chapter 25a Family Support Magistrate Matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310 Superior Court—Procedure in Juvenile Matters Chapter 26 General Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Copyrighted by the Secretary of the State of the State of Connecticut 319 Chapter 27 Reception and Processing of Delinquency and Family with Service Needs Complaints or Petitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 28 Delinquency and Family with Service Needs Nonjudicial Supervision [Repealed] . Chapter 29 Reception and Processing of Delinquency and Child from Family with Service Needs Petitions and Delinquency Informations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 30 Detention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 30a Delinquency and Family with Service Needs Hearings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 31 Delinquency and Family with Service Needs Hearing [Repealed] . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 31a Delinquency and Family with Service Needs Motions and Applications . . . . . . Chapter 32 Neglected, Uncared for and Dependent Children and Termination of Parental Rights [Repealed] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 32a Rights of Parties, Neglected, Abused and Uncared for Children and Termination of Parental Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 33 Hearings concerning Neglected, Uncared for and Dependent Children and Termination of Parental Rights [Repealed] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 33a Petitions for Neglect, Uncared for, Dependency and Termination of Parental Rights: Initiation of Proceedings, Orders of Temporary Custody and Preliminary Hearings . . . . . Chapter 34 Rights of Parties [Repealed] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 34a Pleadings, Motions and Discovery Neglected, Abused and Uncared for Children and Termination of Parental Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 35 General Provisions [Repealed] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 35a Hearings concerning Neglected, Abused and Uncared for Children and Termination of Parental Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322 325 326 327 331 334 335 341 342 345 346 350 351 356 357 Superior Court—Procedure in Criminal Matters Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 Procedure Prior to Appearance . . Arraignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pretrial Release . . . . . . . . . . . Disposition without Trial. . . . . . . Discovery and Depositions . . . . . Pretrial Motions . . . . . . . . . . . Trial Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . Sentencing, Judgment, and Appeal General Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366 370 373 380 384 394 398 410 419 General Provisions Relating to Appellate Rules and Appellate Review . . Remedy by Appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chief Judge, Appellate Clerk and Docket: General Administrative Matters Filing the Appeal; Withdrawals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure concerning Memorandum of Decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transfer of Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Motions and Other Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Briefs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Case File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assignment of Cases for Argument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arguments and Media Coverage of Court Proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . Appellate Judgments and Opinions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Writs of Error. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reservations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Decisions of Judicial Review Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appeals from Council on Probate Judicial Conduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appeals in Workers’ Compensation Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427 431 440 445 452 453 454 459 467 469 470 473 475 477 478 480 481 Rules of Appellate Procedure Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 vi Copyrighted by the Secretary of the State of the State of Connecticut Chapter 77 Procedures concerning Court Closure and Sealing Orders or Orders Limiting the Disclosure of Files, Affidavits, Documents or Other Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 78 Review of Grand Jury Record or Finding Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 78a Review of Orders concerning Release on Bail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 79 Appeals in Juvenile Matters [Repealed] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 79a Appeals in Child Protection Matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 80 Appeals in Habeas Corpus Proceedings Following Conviction . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 81 Appeals to Appellate Court by Certification for Review in Accordance with General Statutes Chapters 124 and 440 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 82 Certified Questions to or from Courts of Other Jurisdictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 83 Certification Pursuant to General Statutes § 52-265a in Cases of Substantial Public Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 84 Appeals to Supreme Court by Certification for Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 84a Matters within Supreme Court’s Original Jurisdiction in which Facts May Be Found Chapter 85 Sanctions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 86 Rule Changes; Effective Date; Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483 485 486 487 488 492 493 495 497 498 501 502 503 Tables and Index Reference Table 1978-1997 to 1998 Reference Table 1998 to 1978-1997 Table of Practice Book Changes . . Table of Statutes Noted . . . . . . . Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appendix: Forms . . . . . . . . . . . Official Judicial Branch Forms . . . . Superior Court Standing Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Copyrighted by the Secretary of the State of the State of Connecticut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 505 518 529 544 547 581 639 640 RULES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT THE ATTORNEY’S OATH You solemnly swear or solemnly and si...
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