State Building and the State Building and the Search for Order in the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century Seventeenth Century Chapter 15 Chapter 15
Social Crises, War, and Rebellions The Coming of Crisis Economic contraction Changing population trends The Witchcraft Craze The spread of witchcraft Increased persecution and executions Accusations: allying with the devil; causing harm Contributing factors Religious uncertainty Social conditions and changes to charity Women as primary victims Decline
Social Crises, War, and Rebellions The Thirty Years War (1618 – 1648) Background to the war Religious division and constitutional crisis in the Holy Roman Empire The Bohemian Phase (1618 – 1625) The Danish Phase (1625 – 1629) The Swedish Phase (1630 – 1635) The Franco-Swedish Phase (1635 – 1648) Outcomes of the War Peace of Westphalia (1648) End of the Holy Roman Empire Social and economic effects debated
Social Crises, War, and Rebellions Was There a Military Revolution? The necessity of an effective military machine The reforms of Gustavus Adophus (1611 – 1632) The link between the military and taxes Rebellions Peasant revolts (1590 – 1640) France, Austria, Hungary, Portugal, and Catalonia Upheavals in Naples, Sicily, and the northern states Russia’s urban uprisings (1641, 1645, and 1648) Noble revolts in France (1648 – 1652)
The Practice of Absolutism: Western Europe Absolute Monarchy in France Foundations of French Absolutism: Cardinal Richelieu (1624 – 1642) Weakening challengers: Huguenots and nobles Strengthening the crown: the intendants Cardinal Mazarin (1642 – 1661) The Fronde – noble revolt
Reign of Louis XIV (1643 – 1715) Administration of the Government Restructuring central policy-making Taming the high nobility Problems with administration in the provinces Religious Policy Edict of Fontainebleau (1685) Financial Issues Jean Baptist Colbert (1619 – 1683) Daily Life at the Court of Versailles The emphasis on ceremony and etiquette
Reign of Louis XIV (1643 – 1715) The Wars of Louis XIV Professional army 100,000 in peace; 400,000 at war First war versus the Triple Alliance (1667 – 1668) Dutch War (1672 – 1678)
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 23 pages?