hist2311_ch15.ppt - Chapter 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century Social Crises War and Rebellions The Coming of Crisis

hist2311_ch15.ppt - Chapter 15 State Building and the...

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State Building and the State Building and the Search for Order in the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century Seventeenth Century Chapter 15 Chapter 15
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Social Crises, War, and Rebellions The Coming of Crisis Economic contraction Changing population trends The Witchcraft Craze The spread of witchcraft Increased persecution and executions Accusations: allying with the devil; causing harm Contributing factors Religious uncertainty Social conditions and changes to charity Women as primary victims Decline
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Social Crises, War, and Rebellions The Thirty Years War (1618 – 1648) Background to the war Religious division and constitutional crisis in the Holy Roman Empire The Bohemian Phase (1618 – 1625) The Danish Phase (1625 – 1629) The Swedish Phase (1630 – 1635) The Franco-Swedish Phase (1635 – 1648) Outcomes of the War Peace of Westphalia (1648) End of the Holy Roman Empire Social and economic effects debated
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Social Crises, War, and Rebellions Was There a Military Revolution? The necessity of an effective military machine The reforms of Gustavus Adophus (1611 – 1632) The link between the military and taxes Rebellions Peasant revolts (1590 – 1640) France, Austria, Hungary, Portugal, and Catalonia Upheavals in Naples, Sicily, and the northern states Russia’s urban uprisings (1641, 1645, and 1648) Noble revolts in France (1648 – 1652)
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The Practice of Absolutism: Western Europe Absolute Monarchy in France Foundations of French Absolutism: Cardinal Richelieu (1624 – 1642) Weakening challengers: Huguenots and nobles Strengthening the crown: the intendants Cardinal Mazarin (1642 – 1661) The Fronde – noble revolt
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Reign of Louis XIV (1643 – 1715) Administration of the Government Restructuring central policy-making Taming the high nobility Problems with administration in the provinces Religious Policy Edict of Fontainebleau (1685) Financial Issues Jean Baptist Colbert (1619 – 1683) Daily Life at the Court of Versailles The emphasis on ceremony and etiquette
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Reign of Louis XIV (1643 – 1715) The Wars of Louis XIV Professional army 100,000 in peace; 400,000 at war First war versus the Triple Alliance (1667 – 1668) Dutch War (1672 – 1678)
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