CMRJ 330 Research Paper.docx - Running head DNA IN THE...

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Running head: DNA IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM1Factors of HeredityNakeila MillerAmerican Public UniversityProfessor Jennifer BourgeoisCMRJ330 DNA in the Criminal Justice SystemSeptember 23, 2018
DNA IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM2Factors of HeredityAt American Public University, located in Charlestown, West Virginia, there is a class called DNA in the Criminal Justice System. The first week’s lesson in that class, teaches about the introduction to DNA, Genetic Variation, Heredity, and the Human Genome Project. The first week alone could break the ice for any individual wanting to learn more about one’s self. Many individuals only know the basics of deoxyribonucleic acid. Knowing the basics is fine, it will get many individuals through life. However, knowing about DNA is so much more than just getting by, it is important because it involves knowing whoyou are as a person. DNA tells an individual what, who, and where they come from. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) brings value to one subject from that class’s lesson, Heredity. DNA contributes to some key concepts of heredity like family health, genetic traits, mendelian inheritance, mitochondrial inheritance, multifactorial inheritance and complex diseases, also to sexual and asexual heredity.DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid and it is in every living and breathing organism. It’s the “hereditary material in humans and almost all other organisms. Nearly every cell in a person’s body has the same DNA. Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA)” (Cells and DNA, 2013). The DNA inside is made up of four chemical bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. These four chemical bases help create the DNA that every person sees. Every person’s DNA comes from the generation before and the generation before that, it goes back to the beginning of life.The Columbia Encyclopedia states that heredity is transmission from generation to generation through the process of reproduction in plants and animals of factors which cause the
DNA IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM3offspring to resemble their parents. However, GeneEd views heredity as referring to the genetic transmission of traits from parents to offspring. Heredity helps explain why children tend to resemble their parents, as well as how a genetic disease runs in a family. Some genetic conditions are caused by mutations in a single gene. These conditions are usually inherited in one of several straightforward patterns, including autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked dominant, X-linked recessive, codominant, and mitochondrial inheritance patterns. Complex disorders and multifactorial disorders are caused by a combinationof genetic and environmental factors. These disorders may cluster in families, but do not have a clear-cut pattern of inheritance (Heredity/Inheritance Patterns). Like most individuals, DNA and

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