Exercise 06 - 1 Exercise 6 The Collection of Behavioral...

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1 Exercise 6: The Collection of Behavioral Data Goals 1. To practice the two most common methods of behavioral data collection 2. To understand the situations for which each method is most appropriate Background Now that you’ve learned the basic differences between continuous, focal sampling and instantaneous sampling, you will next have the opportunity to practice these methods. In this lab, we will provide you with two ethograms (see Exercise 5 for more detail about ethograms and how they are constructed). One is for meerkats ( Suricata suricata ) and the other is for white-cheeked gibbons ( Hylobates concolor) . Familiarize yourself with these ethograms. Methods Choose a partner to work with. Begin with the video clip of meerkats. Meerkats are a type of mongoose. They inhabit arid areas of southern Africa, and live in groups that usually consist of several families. When foraging, one member of the group can usually be found standing upright scanning the surroundings for danger. This individual is often referred to as a “sentry.” You will be doing an instantaneous, scan sample of the animals in this group. Carefully review the ethogram and data sheet. The camera will pan (or “scan”) across the group. Watch the tape at least once before you begin your observation. On your data sheet, tally up how many animals you see engaged in each behavior. Note that you may not always see the same number of animals, as they may run in or out of the range of the camera. You and your partner may alternate roles of observer (watching the tape and calling out what each animal is doing) and recorder (writing the tally marks on the sheet). Next, move on to the video clip of gibbons. White-cheeked gibbons are lesser apes
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Exercise 06 - 1 Exercise 6 The Collection of Behavioral...

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