Module 3 Written Assignment - Human Genome Project 1 The Human Genome Project and Its Purpose LaTiera S Harrison Rasmussen College Author Note This

Module 3 Written Assignment - Human Genome Project 1 The...

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Human Genome Project1The Human Genome Project and Its PurposeLaTiera S. HarrisonRasmussen CollegeAuthor NoteThis paper was written for Kristin Hollingsworth’s course, Human Growth and DevelopmentG217/DEP2004 on October 18, 2018
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The Human Genome Project and Its PurposeThe Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great feats of exploration in history - an inward voyage of discovery rather than an outward exploration of the planet or the cosmos; aninternational research effort to sequence and map all of the genes - together known as the genome - of members of our species, Homo sapiens. Completed in April 2003, the HGP gave us the ability, for the first time, to read nature's complete genetic blueprint for building a human being.[All18]Chromosome Abnormality DiseasesThe most common chromosomal disorder, occurring in 1 out of every 700 live births, is Down syndrome. In 95 percent of cases, it results from a failure of the twenty-first pair of chromosomes to separate during meiosis, so the new individual receives three of these chromosomes rather than the normal two. The consequences of Down syndrome include intellectual disability, memory and speech problems, limited vocabulary, and slow motor development. Measures of electrical brain activity indicate that the brains of individuals with Down syndrome function in a less coordinated fashion than do the brains of typical individuals (Ahmadlou et al., 2013). The disorder is also associated with distinct physical features—a short, stocky build, a flattened face, a protruding tongue, almond-shaped eyes, and (in 50 percent of cases) an unusual crease running across the palm of the hand. In addition, infants with Down
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