Assessment Tools and 1 Running head: ASSESSMENT TOOLS AND DIAGNOSTIC TESTS Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests
Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests Introduction Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in North American men and reports indicate that the incidence of the disease has risen dramatically in recent years (Bell, K., & Kazanjian, A. 2011). The prostate is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, behind the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles and the urethra goes through the center of the prostate. The size of the prostate changes with age, it is about the size of a walnut in younger men, but can be considerably larger in older men. Prostate cancer begins when the cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. American Cancer Society lists the risk factor for prostate cancer to includes age, race, geography and family history. Smoking is not a risk factor for prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is hardly seen in men younger than 40, but the chances increase with advanced age to the point that about 6 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are found in men older than 65. The disease is also found more in men of African-American extraction than in men of other races (Bell, K., & Kazanjian, A. 2011). The condition is more prevalent in North America, northwestern Europe and Australia compared to Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America. Like many other chronic
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- Summer '16
- Prostate cancer