6521 w8 d1.docx - Main Post Human immunodeficiency virus is also known as HIV is a retrovirus that carries proteins and an enzyme called reverse

6521 w8 d1.docx - Main Post Human immunodeficiency virus is...

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Main PostHuman immunodeficiency virus is also known as HIV is a retrovirus that carries proteins and an enzyme called reverse transcriptase that transcribes RNA genome into a DNA copy that goes into the chromosome and causes an infection that is irreversible (Meyer and Alder, 2013). Unfortunately, this virus does not cause disease until years after infection and the period of time from infection to development of illness can average five to ten years, however, the person is still infectious in the absence of symptoms (Meyer and Alder, 2013).Has the prevalence of HIV cases attributed to increased complacency due to more advanced drug treatment options?The answer to this question, in my opinion, is yes. Years ago, when HIV first hit the scene,there was hysteria about HIV. I can recall HIV being the headline topic on the news and in newspapers in the 80’s. Unfortunately, there was a mix of myth and factual information as researchers were beginning to learn about the disease, it’s transmission, how it works and looking for a cure, but overall, it was the talk of the town, healthcare, legislation, and the world. According to Cahill (n.d.), perceptions regarding HIV and those living with it have changed for the better since the 1980’s ad during those time, people that were suspected of having HIV were refused service at restaurants, barber shops, shunned by family and sufferedmany prejudices. According to Rather (2015), in a survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation, itwas discovered that many American’s do not consider HIV to be a major health problem and continue to engage in high risk for infection behaviors. Yiyun (2013) indicated that the HIV treatment as prevention and the recent success in clinical trials for the treatment of HIV has shown a need to address over-optimism toward anti-retroviral therapy as optimistic beliefs have increased risk behaviors. A controlled trial of the early use of antiretroviral therapy as a prevention strategy for HIV, showed a large decrease in HIV being sexually transmitted, however, this brings out a hidden problem for HIV prevention which is treatment over-

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