Chapter 14 Notes 14.1 US Courts: How do Courts Interpret Contract and Laws? The Basic Function of the Courts in Their Policy-making Role Judiciary – is the branch where the individual has the best chance to be heard o Competing contractual claims may be heard above the noise/distraction of the media, politics, and technology Congress and President – consider broad questions of public policy and their costs/benefits Courts – consider specific cases with narrower questions o Enables them to focus more closely than other government institutions interpreting the law Judicial branch can influence policy through its rulings and interpretations o Legislative branch – can make policy through statue/law o Executive – can implement and enforce policy through regulations/administration based on constitutionally delegated power or legislative authority Court decisions shape policy outcomes Constitution changes less by amendment and more by interpretation Courts protect the Constitution from breaches by other branches of government as part of checks and balances o Also protect individual rights against societal and governmental oppression The Basic Structure and Function of the Judicial Branch 9 Supreme Court Justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate for lifetime appointments o court power is confined in interpreting the laws rather than making the law
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- Spring '09
- Supreme Court of the United States, US Courts