Exam 2 study guide

Exam 2 study guide - Exam 2 Outline Chapter 6 1) What is...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Exam 2 Outline Chapter 6 1) What is consciousness and where does it occur in the brain? CONCIOUSNESS – awareness of external events and internal sensations, occurs in many parts of the brain 2) Levels and states of consciousness (what’s the difference and give examples) 3) Sleep - Circadian rhythms-daily sleep/wake cycle, desynchronizing the clock-jet lag, resetting the clock theories about the functions of sleep-adaptation, restoration, memory, growth sleep deprivation-need 60-90 min per night, effects performance, alertness, cognitive abilities- complexity, decision making, illness, psychological stages of sleep- stage 0-relaxed but awake, quiet sleep- stages 1-4- non-rem sleep, stage 1-theta REM sleep-,rapid eye movement, most dreams, wakefulness-like waves sleep disorders-insomnia- cant fall asleep or cant remain asleep, narcolepsy, desire to sleep- go from awake to rem, sleep apnea- stop breathing, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome-SIDS, baby stop breathing, Nightmares and Night terrors, sleepwalking/talking-during non-rem sleep, REM behavior disorder-dreaming and acting out dreams 4) Theories of dreaming-Wish Fullfillment-Freud- interpretation of dreams, Activation- Synthesis- visions and sounds interpret, cognitive theory- problem solving- sort through things 5) Hypnosis - What it is-altered state of conciousness theories-divided state-on complies w/ demands one is hidden observer, Social cognitive- complying with demands in special situation applications- alcoholism, suicidal tendencies, PTSD, migraines, over eating, smoking, pain can you be hypnotized against your will-NOOOOO 6) Psychoactive drugs - What are they-drugs that effect the brain, changing psychological profccesses like consciousness, mood, and perceptions agonists vs. antagonists-agonists-mimic neurotransmitters, antagonists-block neurotransmitters substance abuse-psychological dependence-desire to use drug for emotional reasons, physical dep.- drug need to prevent withdrawal syndrome, change in brain functioning, tolerance-need to increase amount to achieve similar effects types: depressants-reduces CNS activity, slows mental and physical activity (ex: alcohol, barbiturates, GHB opiates-,depressant with stimulating effect, induce sleep and relieve pain, highly addictive (Opium, morphine, heroin) stimulants-increase behavior and mental activity (opposite of depressents) (amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine, nicotine hallucinogens-split between truth and reality( LSD, Ketamine, Marijuana, MDMA (Ecstasy)) Chapter 7 1) Definition of learning-process through which experience modifies pre-existing behavior and understanding 3) Associative learning-when an association is made between two events (classical cond., operant cond.) 4) Observational learning - What is it-learning by observing and imitating another’s behavior Bobo Doll study-how
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Exam 2 study guide - Exam 2 Outline Chapter 6 1) What is...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online