APessayscheat sheet me alli cind

APessayscheat sheet me alli cind - Why was an Independent...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Why was an Independent Air Force created when it was? Was this the right thing to do? Defend Your answer. What do Buckley and Gross say? The USAF was formed as a separate branch of the military on September 18, 1947 The National Security Act of 1947 signed by U.S. President Harry S. Truman realigned and reorganized the United States' armed forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II. The Act merged the Department of War and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (NME) headed by the Secretary of Defense. It was also responsible for the creation of a separate Department of the Air Force from the existing United States Army Air Forces. The NME was renamed as the Department of Defense. The act and its changes, along with the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, were major components of the Truman administration's Cold War strategy. The National Security Act was spurred by our nuclear monopoly, our unrivaled economic status, and our rivalry with the Soviet Union as a super power. It was a compromise between advocates and opponents of a highly centralized military establishment, between supporters regularized process for interagency policy making and defenders of presidential prerogative and between an executive branch needing new legal authorities to deal with a post-war world and congress determined to maintain its special powers over armed forces. After the war, lots of political fighting and bitter arguments trying to sort out US national policy and institutions. Lots of unresolved questions on the role of airpower and atomic weapons. After war, demobilization and decreased funding led to arguing about resources and national strategy. Some favored unity among all three branches others opposed like the navy. Because of the success of joint operations during World War II, the hand of those proposing unification was strengthened. Also- disagreements between congress and executive branch as well as between navy, army, and air force on how national defense should be organized. Navy was scared they would become obsolete if unified and not get enough funding. Reasons- US faced new international situations with increased responsibilities and unprecedented threats, US national security requires more effective, extensive and deliberate integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies, Armed forces should always be subject to unquestioned civilian control, theres a need for consolidated intelligence organization to coordinate the activities of the several intelligence activities of the government, congress needs to provide oversight of national security activities. Gross- After years of bickering, the White House decided on a weak federation rather than a strong centralized military system- set up by the National Security Act established the National Military Department that would later become the Department of Defense which was resided over by the secretary of defense who Gross believed to have a small staff and
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course HIST 213 taught by Professor Caddell during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

Page1 / 3

APessayscheat sheet me alli cind - Why was an Independent...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online