lec 1 n 2 - Sept.13.2016 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Paleolithic Neolithic Animism Bronze age Old chosom Koguryo Paekche Silla Bonerank Hwabaek

lec 1 n 2 - Sept.13.2016 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12...

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Sept.13.2016 1. Paleolithic 2. Neolithic 3. Animism 4. Bronze age 5. Old chosom 6. Koguryo 7. Paekche 8. Silla 9. Bonerank 10. Hwabaek council of nobles 11. Hwarang (youth corps) 12. Hyangga silla poems 6,7,8 - the three kingdoms Paleolithic - stone age, long time ago (20,000 BC) 5 historic communal societies The paleolithic human in korea lived in caves, used fire for warmth and cooking, constructed stone implements and developed a communal form of life. Neolithic Started to make pottery and artistic style Pottery is durable and last for many years. Can understand how people back in the day lived and where they lived Early neolithic pottery is simple and undecorated Middle neolithic pottery has geometric designs and is known as “comb-pattern” pottery They held “animistic” beliefs Animism - the belief that everything in the universe has a spirit, including inanimate objects, plants Some koreans offer their ancestors offerings/gifts at the grave (like offerings to Buddha) Walled Towns & confederated kingdoms Walled towns and confederated kingdoms coincide with korea’s bronze age At this time, iron culture was transmitted to Korean from china and then to Japan Many other aspects of traditional culture, including writing and religion followed this route from china through korea to japan Everything was transmitted from china because they had a bigger civilization * iron culture Old Choson (2333 BCE - 108 BCE)
The Korean peninsula came under the influence of the Han China By the 1st century BCE, powerful kingdom were beginning to form on the Korean peninsula 3 Kingdoms - Koguryo, Paekche, Silla Koguryo in the north developed in conflict with China During the early period, religious and political fractions were combined As political power became more diversified, the duties of the “shaman” centered around the supplicating the gods for their favor The shaman was a big religious leader. They were the connection to the spirit world Aristocratic Societies 4th century CE (common era), in Koguryo, royal authority was strengthened and centralized government structures had been established Koguryo expanded its territory southward and came into conflict with Paekche which was pushing north The kingdom of paekche was also becoming more centralized with a growing aristocratic class Aristocracy: a class of persons holding exceptional rank and privileges, especially the hereditary nobility / have ruling authority Silla Had evolved out of the walled-town state in the south-eastern Korea To counteract the menace of the powerful northern neighbor Koguryo, Silla engaged in joint military operations with Paekche

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