Ch 9 review questions

Ch 9 review questions - Review Questions Chapter 9...

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Review Questions Chapter 9 Motivation (1) Define motivation. (2) What is the difference between a need and a drive? (3) What is the difference between a homeostatic biological drive and a nonhomeostatic biological drive? Use hunger and sex to illustrate the difference. (4) Describe these four general theories of motivation: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, drive theory, arousal theory, and incentive theory. (5) Describe the Yerkes-Dodson law. (6) Describe the distinction between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. (7) What does cheating have to do with need to belong theory? (8) Define self-regulation. (9) What type of personal goals are more likely to be accomplished? (10) How can parents instill achievement motivation in their children? (11) What do “delay of gratification” and “limited pools of resources” have to do with self-regulating? (12) Describe how hunger and eating are affected by learning. (13) What is the most important brain structure related to eating behavior? (14) Describe glucostatic theory. (15) Is body weight heritable? (16) What psychological problems are associated with obesity? (17) In what ways is obesity culturally relative? (18) What is probably the biggest reason that dieting is so ineffective? (19) Describe two eating disorders that primarily afflict North American women. (20) Describe some of the main findings in the hallmark study of sex done by Kinsey in the 1940's. (21) How did Masters and Johnson discover the sexual response cycle? (22) What is the difference between the terms "sex" and "gender"? (23) What is the default sex of a human fetus? (24) What are the organizational effects of hormones on the fetus? What evidence do we have for these effects? (25) What are the activational effects of hormones during puberty? (26) What are the four classes of influence on adult sexual motivation? (27) What does the evidence indicate about influence of hormones on adult sexual motivation? (28) What are two indications that culture influences adult sexual motivation?
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(29) How do men and women differ in their attitudes toward sexual behavior? (30) Use the evolutionary perspective to address these three questions: (a) Why are men more sexually promiscuous than women? (b) Why do women seek older men and men seek younger women? (c) How (and why) do men and women differ in their reactions to sexual and emotional infidelity? (31) What is the incidence rate of homosexuality in men? In women? (32) What is the best predictor of homosexuality? (33) How does the available evidence indicate a role for both environment and genetics in the determination of homosexuality? (34) Describe Bem’s developmental theory of homosexuality. (35) What is androgen insensitivity? How does the post-puberty adjustment of individuals suffering from this disorder argue for the primary importance of hormones (and against environment) in the determination of gender identity? (36) What is intersex?
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Ch 9 review questions - Review Questions Chapter 9...

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