WEAK STATES AND THEIR IMPLICATION TO REGIONAL SECURITY.doc...

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WEAK STATES AND THEIR IMPLICATION TO REGIONAL SECURITY: THE CASEOF DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGOR50//200A RESEARCH PROPOSAL SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THEREQUIREMENTS OF THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN INTERNATIONALSTUDIES TO THE INSTITUTE OF DIPLOMACY AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES(IDIS), UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBIOctober, 2011
DECLARATIONThis thesis proposal is my original work and has not been submitted for a degree to any otherUniversity.………………………………………….…………………………….RutaDateR50/Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS)University of NairobiThis thesis has been submitted for examination with our approval as University supervisor.………………………………………………………………………...Prof.DateInstitute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS)University of Nairobiii
Table of ContentsCHAPTER ONE............................................................................................................................1INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................................11.1 Background of the study............................................................................................................11.2 Stateent of the Problem............................................................................................................................71.3 Objective of the Study...............................................................................................................81.4 Literature review........................................................................................................................81.4.1 Weak States.........................................................................................................................91.4.2 Military Security...............................................................................................................161.4.3 Political Security...............................................................................................................181.4.4 Economic Security............................................................................................................191.4.5 Societal Security...............................................................................................................211.5 Theoretical framework.............................................................................................................221.6Study Hypothesis...................................................................................................................231.7Methodology..........................................................................................................................231.8 Chapters Outline......................................................................................................................24CHAPTER TWO.........................................................................................................................25CAUSES OF WEAK STATES....................................................................................................252.1 Introduction..............................................................................................................................252.2 Weak state is Man Made..........................................................................................................272.3 Colonial inheritance.................................................................................................................292.4 The end of the Cold War..........................................................................................................312.5 A crisis of accumulation...........................................................................................................312.6 A crisis of governance..............................................................................................................33CHAPTER THREE.....................................................................................................................37IMPLICATION OF WEAK STATE TO REGIONAL SECURITY.......................................373.1 Introduction..............................................................................................................................373.2 Insecurity Dilemma.................................................................................................................383.3 Weapons Risks.........................................................................................................................403.4 The Administrative Complex: Control, Undermine, or Balance.............................................413.5 Crime Centre............................................................................................................................423.6 Boarders States........................................................................................................................453.7 The War on Terror and the securitisation of Africa..................................................................47Bibliography..................................................................................................................................50iii
CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1 Background of the studyThe Democratic Republic of the Congo is a state located in Central Africa1. It is thesecond largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world. With a populationof over 71 million,the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the eighteenth most populousnation in the world, and the fourth most populous nation in Africa, as well as the most populousofficially Francophone country2. The earliest inhabitants of the region comprising present-dayCongo were the Bambuti people3.The 2006 constitution, also known as theConstitution of the Third Republic,came intoeffect in February 2006. It had concurrent authority, however, with the transitional constitutionuntil the inauguration of the elected officials who emerged from the July 2006 elections. Underthe new constitution, the legislature remained bicameral; the executive was concomitantlyundertaken by a President and the government, led by a Prime Minister, appointed from the partywith the majority at the National Assembly. Despite instability, political progress continued. InMay 2005, a new constitution was adopted by the national assembly, and overwhelminglyratified in Jan. 2006. On July 30, 2006, the first democratic election in the country since 1970

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Term
Fall
Professor
Ayodi
Tags
Government, The Land, National security, Sovereign state, weak states

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